Habitable Planets May Be Disguised As Gas Planets
Scientists have long been on the lookout for planets which are closer to the living conditions of Earth and which can be made habitable. However, the scientists have not been able to find such planets. What if such planets exist but are disguised as gas planets? These planets are quite like Neptune and can be converted into life-supporting environments under the right conditions and that some may be discovered in the not-too-distant future. There are conditions that have to be met to make the planets habitable. Among these are tidal forces and vigorous stellar activity which can help in converting hostile conditions on gaseous “mini-Neptunes” into gas-free, potentially habitable planets. These proposed planets orbit low-mass stars called M dwarfs that are substantially smaller and less bright than our Sun. As a result, M dwarfs have habitable zones closer to them.
Gamma Rays Have To Be Combated To Make Planets Habitable
The planets surrounding M dwarfs have extreme stellar activity in the form of gamma rays. That makes the place inhospitable. The tidal waves are also a deterrent as they exert a gravitational pull. As Rodrigo Luger, a doctoral student said, “This is the reason we have ocean tides on Earth, as tidal forces from both the moon and the sun can tug on the oceans, creating a bulge that we experience as a high tide,” “This is the reason we have ocean tides on Earth, as tidal forces from both the moon and the sun can tug on the oceans, creating a bulge that we experience as a high tide.”
Gamma Rays Can Dissipate Hydrogen Gas
In most cases, Mini-Neptunes are situated at a greater distance from the central star. However, if somehow, one of the planets gets drawn into the habitable zone, then the strong Mini-Neptunes can be made into habitable living planets.