13 landscaping techniques that every architect should know

Architectural projects that integrate the landscaping are increasingly valued and become a differential for the work of professionals in the area. We will present some ideas to apply in external and internal environments, designing gardens and incredible green areas.

As much as the landscaping is commonly related to the aesthetics of squares and parks, its function goes far beyond the decoration of public spaces. Landscaping techniques are used to create complete environments, making the experience of the people there much more pleasurable.

The landscape architect creates, recomposes, recovers and adapts places based on geographic, botanical, architectural, cultural and ecological knowledge. The idea is to organize the landscape in a sustainable, aesthetically beautiful and functional way for better use.

Spaces that bring more naturalness to everyday life improve air quality, increase humidity, and promote a feeling of well-being, as well as boost concentration and relaxation. For these and other reasons, landscaping techniques are of great importance for architecture professionals who want to print their differential in the market.

We have separated in this post 13 landscaping techniques that can be used in any environment, both external and internal, and that will certainly help you to design incredible gardens or green areas. Check out!

Landscaping in external gardens

landscaping techniques

When designing a garden or even environments with plants in pots, the first step is to understand the characteristics that involve the project, such as the place where the garden will be executed, the frequency of rains in the place, the incidence of sunlight, the humidity of the environment and even the type of soil to be used when planting.

Thus, it is easier to know the type of plant that best adapts to the environment, ensuring the health of the garden. Without this information, it is very likely that your project will experience some difficulties and incompatibilities that can even lead to the death of some (or all) of the plants and flowers.

This tip is also valid for projects of adaptation and decoration of environments that already have the presence of green. It is important to evaluate the characteristics of the pots and their respective plants and flowers so that, if they are located in inappropriate places, they can be transferred to other places. Often, just changing the room (and, consequently, the climatic conditions) already improves the plant’s health.


The use of pots is an interesting option for those who will grow both indoors and out. The great advantage of this alternative is that, unlike conventional gardens, the pots can be easily moved. In addition, the use of vases allows greater flexibility in decoration, since they can be found in the most different colors, sizes, textures, shapes and different materials.

As for materials, the choice can be based on the style of the rest of the furniture in the house or on the customer’s profile. As much as the more traditional options are ceramic, you can also choose metallic materials or reused wooden pieces, such as pallets.


Having a garden at home is a privilege that should be taken full advantage of. Having benches and tables in the project allows the family to enjoy the garden more fully. In this way, the space becomes an incredible place to make long meals and gather several people, as well as a quiet and cool place to read and relax.

With the right furniture, the environment is no longer just decorative, it really becomes part of people’s lives. But be careful: you need to be careful when choosing furniture materials. Outdoor tables and benches need to be made of materials that resist the sun and rain. Wood and iron are good examples that go very well with the bucolic aspect of the garden.

landscaping techniques

Still following the idea of ​​integrating residents and the garden, a good option is to have a path so that everyone can enjoy the place without trampling the plants. Longer, the wavy paths create a very beautiful look, exposing all cultivated species.

These paths can be made of loose stones, ceramic material or continuous cement. The important thing is that they are accessible and that the plants with thorns or pointed leaves are not too close to the place of passage so as not to hurt those who pass by.


Like all other elements of the gardens, the floors also deserve attention, and should not be made of any material. Remember that, as the coatings are exposed to the weather, they may end up yielding if they are not of quality. It is worth betting on materials such as wood, stones or even the composition of more than one type of material.

It is recommended that the floor under the chairs and tables be reinforced, since it is an area of ​​great circulation, and it is inevitable to transform the grass into clay in a few months without its own covering. The floor solves this problem, keeping the place looking cleaner and more conserved, not to mention that it is easier to clean.


One of the most used landscaping techniques is the use of different textures. When designing a garden, it is possible to combine foliage, stones, vases, furniture, fabrics and more. All of this makes the project, rich in textures, compatible with the rest of the house and also with the client’s style.

More rustic gardens, for example, can combine with thicker foliage and wooden benches, while more modern gardens can benefit from metallic furniture and colorful flowers. Of course, as with any architectural project, landscaping does not follow a single rule. The final product will depend on the skill of the designer, who can even choose to mix rustic and contemporary concepts in one environment.


So that the external environments can be properly used after sunset, it is necessary to take care in the lighting. It is no different with gardens. As they are great spaces for summer nights with the family or dinners with friends, the lights are essential.

Of course, the choice of lighting depends on the style of the garden and the client’s use, but, in general, we can say that lamps along the way and close to the flowers and plants are important. The LED options are the most suitable, since, in addition to being economical, they do not heat up like the others, offering less risk to the garden.


As we said, much more than decorative complements, gardens can not only be designed as spaces to be used by people on a daily basis. After all, the landscaping techniques aim to achieve harmonization of the environment and the user, causing greater integration between them.

In addition to benches and tables, the gardens can have hammocks, spaces for children, swings, a meditation area, a corner for relaxing activities, such as yoga, and much more. In cases of larger gardens, how about thinking about open space, covered with a pergola, surrounded by climbing plants and full of cushions to provide moments of relaxation, conversation, and reading?

Landscaping indoors

landscaping techniques

Contrary to what many people may think, houses that do not have an external area can also house plants. It is even quite easy to determine the species that can be grown in small pots indoors, as long as one is concerned with knowing the weather conditions in advance.

Santa Catarina architect Silvia Monteiro reinforces that it is possible to create a garden inside an apartment, just taking some care to choose the ideal seedlings for each environment. “We get this help through professionals in specialized houses”, he points out.

An important guideline is to evaluate if the place will have direct sunlight, if it will take rainwater (in the case of balconies, for example) or if it will have manual and monitored irrigation. From this information, just go with the choice of species!

Silvia also remembers that other plants can compose a small garden of fresh spices – here is the chance to know exactly where the ingredients come from! The only concern, according to the architect and landscaper, is that the pots are in the sun for at least four hours a day.

It is also possible to choose decorative species, such as flowers or succulents. The latter need little care and are great for people with no time or little experience in gardening. For indoors, palm trees are great options, as they don’t need a lot of sunlight and live with little water.

landscaping techniques

In small apartments, creativity has to be exploited to the maximum to take advantage of all available spaces. In this case, a practical way to bring the plants into the house is to make a vertical garden . Occupying a space often overlooked by residents, this composition not only beautifies the house but can be used to plant a garden, fragrant flowers or small succulents.

The vertical garden serves as a decoration or as a useful piece for the kitchen. In addition, you can stay on balconies, as long as they have some incidence of sun. “Vertical gardens are a great choice to bring well-being and comfort connected with nature. Even in small environments, we can create a green wall without disturbing the location’s ergonomics ”, reinforces Silvia Monteiro.

landscaping techniques

Did you know that it is possible to grow fruit trees indoors? That’s right! Following this line, you make small gardens inside the house become even more attractive and useful for residents. Fruit options that can be planted in pots are pomegranate, acerola, lemon, jaboticaba and pitaya.

Among the precautions to be taken are attention in relation to the size and depth of the pot, the most suitable type of soil and the drainage of the tree. It is important to remember that when planted in pots, trees need more care than when planted directly in the soil. It is necessary to take into account the incidence of light, air circulation and other characteristics that enable the development of the plant.


It is possible to carry out a winter garden in almost every room in the house. This proposal is indicated especially for those who do not have external areas in their residence. If well planned, it can give a natural touch in small places, bring sophistication to rooms and lightness to environments.

As it is inside the house, it is necessary to pay attention to the availability of sunlight in the place where the garden is implanted, since generally the species most used in this type of green area also need a high incidence of natural light. If the environment does not have many windows or the availability of light is not so strong, it is worth betting on species of half-shade, such as fern, São Jorge spear, raffia, zamioculca and lily of peace.


It is worth having a sincere conversation with the client, reminding him that the plants take time to grow and stay the way they want, in addition to needing frequent care. Even those species that require less attention have to be watered from time to time. The ideal is that gardening is a pleasurable job and no longer an obligation in the already busy routine.

The benefits of having so much green at home are numerous, either to create a nice place to socialize or to provide fresh spices. All the care required, therefore, is very worthwhile.

Partner of Portobello Shop Florianópolis, architect Silvia Monteiro gives one last (and valuable) tip. For her, the beach house can also be made more beautiful with the integration of nature. Some alternatives to cultivate are imperial palms and coconut palms, which also adapt easily to the very sandy soil.

So, did you like the landscaping techniques presented in our post? If you have already used one or more of these techniques or if you intend to incorporate them in your next architectural projects, leave a comment here, and share with us your experiences and expectations!


Learn how to make a different vertical garden for your projects

Achieving comfort, well-being and beauty are among the main goals of every successful architect. In addition to thinking about the arrangement of furniture and rooms, it is worth considering new ways of bringing environments to life. One of the possibilities is to use the vertical garden.

This way of including plants allows to give a touch of nature to different places. At the same time, the project is not the same as that of a traditional garden, which works on low pots or outside. When exploring the particularities of this proposal, it is possible to create something different and that meets the needs of customers.

To have no doubts, we gathered the main information and tips to get the project right. See what you need to know and create a unique composition!

What is a vertical garden?

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Also known as a hanging garden, the vertical garden is a landscape proposal that uses the verticalization trend. Instead of growing plants in the lower part, as traditionally happens, he envisages the use of elevated structures.

It is a great component to take advantage of the space, since it uses an area that is often “ignored”. For today’s homes, which are increasingly compact, it is an excellent alternative.

It is also a proposal that increases the thermal and acoustic comfort of the environment. As it absorbs part of the sound and temperature, it creates a less noisy and slightly cooler place.

To improve, it appears in several styles and with different plants. So, it is essential to know how to do projects of this type to please customers in a different way.

What species to plant in a vertical garden?

Choosing the right plants, among foliage and flowers, is essential to achieve a beautiful result. There are thousands of species available, and each adapts to a condition. It is even necessary to think about whether the garden will be internal or external. Indoors, for example, sunlight can be direct or indirect, and there is less wind. So, everything has to be considered to select the ideal type.

The good news is that, when specifying, you can use some examples that are already famous. To have no doubts, see which are the best species for each case!


fern | Description, Features, Evolution, & Taxonomy | Britannica

Present in most projects, the fern is a versatile species and offers a very interesting result. The foliage complements the composition and helps to cover all spaces, in order to create a green wall.

As it prefers indirect lighting and not so intense, it is ideal for the indoor location. She also doesn’t like being in the sun so much, so it’s perfect for “protected” areas.


Agastache Blue Boa -- Bluestone Perennials

Another very famous option is the boa constrictor. This is a foliage style plant. One of its characteristics is that it is pending – that is, it forms a “cascade” as it develops. It is great for occupying the highest positions in the vertical garden and adding volume to the composition.

She likes humid environments, so the chosen area must have this characteristic. If it is full sun (that is, with direct and prolonged incidence), it is better, but it also adapts to half shade.

Bridal Veil

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To give a delicate and interesting touch to the composition, bet on the bridal veil species. It has small white dots and looks great on hanging or vertical vases.

Among his needs, he prefers indirect sunlight and cool temperatures. So it works very well indoors on a green wall.


Pink Color Orchids Plant Delivery To Philippines | Orchid Plant

One of nature’s most noble flowers can also integrate your vertical garden design. The orchid appears in several types, colors and formats, which helps to compose the look in a unique way. You can even create a nursery if you want something different.

As the species are diversified, the sun regime also varies, which guarantees the ideal choice for each case. In general, it is interesting that there is some sunlight and light winds for it to flourish.

Donkey Tail

Sedum burrito (Burro's Tail) | World of Succulents

Of the succulent type, the ass-tailed species is the guarantee of a unique aspect for the project. She is outstanding and famous for presenting a “braid” style look. As it reaches great lengths, it is perfect for larger vertical gardens.

It does well with full sun, but adapts to half-shade – just so you can catch the morning and late afternoon sun. As it is resistant to cold, it works in indoor air-conditioned spaces.


Lipstick Plant Care and Growing Guide (With images) | Lipstick ...

Another famous option in vertical gardens, the lipstick flower has green leaves and a small red flower at the end. In addition to color, its shape also resembles makeup – hence the name. It is an excellent choice to add a touch of color and make the proposal even more interesting.

As it does not require direct or very intense lighting, it is great for indoor spaces. She doesn’t like to be moved, so she needs a special corner from the first moment.

How about meeting 3 vertical garden models?

One of the positive aspects of designing a vertical garden project is that it is quite versatile. As mentioned, it can be performed both in the external environment and in the internal area. As long as the specific conditions of the plants are respected, you can add a touch of green in various points of the property.

In addition, versatility appears in the different models. They meet the needs in different ways and knowing them is essential to select the ideal in each case. Next, see which are the main 3 and understand their qualities!

1. Green wall

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One of the current trends is the creation of an entirely green wall, as in the style of a small forest amid concrete. The idea is to develop a completely natural space, without the structure appearing. It is also a choice with a lot of volume and that adds a touch of personality to the environment.

This is such a popular option that it is not only used in residential projects. It still appears in commercial and public spaces, such as shops, hotels and even restaurants.

The highlight is for species such as fern, boa and other foliage. Although it is possible to include some flowers, it is not such a frequent alternative.

2. Hanging vases

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Another possibility is to leave the vases on display. In some cases, they become part of the composition and gain extra projection, such as decorated or sculpted versions. In this style, the intention is to create a more “airy” garden, without the need to compose a complete wall.

Vases can be suspended in various ways, such as in structures or even on shelves and shelves. Because of its operation, it offers more versatility to the customer and ease of exchange. Maintenance is also uncomplicated, but the look is less homogeneous.

In this alternative, it is common to see different species, many flowers and different proposals. Thus, the idea is to create something unique and that adapts to each space.

3. Gourmet vegetable garden

7 Gourmet Vegetables to Plant Now for Fall Harvest - Modern Farmer

In addition, there is a chance to set up a vegetable garden at home. This vertical garden design works well for small environments or customers with little maintenance time.

Usually, it is a choice that is in the kitchen of the home, but it can also be in a gourmet space. If there is a barbecue area, for example, this can be a good place.

Due to its proposal, the vessels are suspended in a common way. After all, every spice and herb has a need.

What precautions to take when building the vertical garden?

The planning of such a space is not the same as that of a traditional landscaping. Other requirements must be considered because of the high condition of the garden. In addition, care must be taken when the element is positioned inside the house or apartment.

Taking the necessary precautions is a way to avoid problems during or after the execution and to favor maintenance. Thus, it is something that guarantees the success of the project and allows the customer to be completely satisfied. To have no doubts, see what are the points that should be considered!

Take care of the wall protection

One of the biggest problems when talking about vertical gardens is the risk that there is infiltration. The difficulty arises, mainly, in the creation of a green wall. This urban jungle proposal increases the risks of plants and the structure of changing moisture. As a result, the wall can suffer from the appearance of mold and other problems caused by infiltration.

To avoid the picture, the ideal is to waterproof the surface. With the application of suitable products, a barrier against moisture is formed. Thus, the integrity of the wall is not compromised and the visual can be achieved without difficulties.

Even if the structure does not provide direct contact between plants and the surface, care is essential to avoid major problems in the future.

Assess the water supply

To survive, any plant needs to be watered with some frequency. Some, like succulents, depend less on water, but still require special care. Without the ideal amount for each species, plants do not develop and may even die.

This leads to a need to think about water supply. It is recommended that the project has a hydraulic point nearby. From there, you can build a customized irrigation system. In fact, it is a way to reduce the maintenance required for residents.

In addition to this alternative, you can consider a hydroponics system. In it, land is replaced by water as a means of cultivation. To adopt it, it is essential to check how the species adapt and what the requirements are.

Pay attention to drainage

While it is important to guarantee water for development, it is necessary to think about drainage. The process is relevant so that the plants are not soaked and also to avoid damage in space.

Without an efficient system, water accumulates on the ground or, worse, on the floor of the environment. In this case, there is an extra concern with maintenance, in addition to negative impacts on the coating.

The ideal is to develop a drainage system, with tubes and channels, for draining water. Depending on the case, you can even create an auxiliary bed just below the vertical garden. Thus, what falls from watering is used to care for the plants below.

Keep an eye on the fixation

It does not matter what technology is used or whether the garden is a vegetable garden, a wall or a suspended version. Another concern should involve fixing the plants on the wall.

It is recommended to make an adequate calculation to understand the weight of plants and soil, without forgetting the addition of water. Also consider the weight distribution between the vessels and whether there will be a support structure, such as a panel.

All of this serves to define the fixation model, in order to avoid accidents. After all, it is essential to stipulate what are the limits that must be obeyed by customers in everyday use.

Know the lighting level

Regardless of the species selected or the desired style, the vertical garden requires an adequate amount of light. This is one of the components for plant development, so it has to be present – even in the indoor area.

Generally, it is worth preventing direct or continuous exposure to the sun, as this can burn or dry out some foliage. On the other hand, the entry of natural light must be ideal and constant. So, you need to choose the placement location well.

In addition, garden lighting can be important to enhance plants at night. However, it is not a substitute for natural light – stay tuned!

Take care of sustainability

One of the reasons for making a vertical garden is to add a sustainable proposal to the project. However, sustainability is not achieved just by having green elements within the environment.

It is only possible to achieve this quality by selecting the appropriate species, using water without waste and making better use of available resources. Therefore, the proposal must consider all aspects.

Assess what is the combination of species, what technology really has sustainable characteristics and how the garden can generate positive impacts. In this way, it is possible to optimize the green impact of this proposal.

What are the best tips for making a vertical garden step by step?

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Now that you know what precautions are essential in preparing this project, it is time to know how to put it into practice, right from the start. With the right knowledge of landscaping, the process is not so complex. However, very large areas require specific care and, sometimes, partnerships with specialists on the subject.

In most cases, however, the following step by step will help you create the perfect vertical garden. To have no doubts, see what to do to get the best results!

Set the installation location

First, you need to choose where the vertical garden will be. See what the customer’s preferences are and also consider the feasibility for each model. The conditions of available space, the circulation area and even the use of the environment help to define which is the best alternative.

It is very important to guarantee the choice of a strategic point that helps to enhance the garden. From that decision, it is time to take the necessary care, such as waterproofing the wall.

Select the appropriate species

After deciding the location and model of the vertical garden, it is necessary to define which species to use. It is necessary to consider all environmental issues, such as lighting, temperature, sunlight and other points.

In the case of indoor gardens, indoor plants should be used. For outdoor areas, the position in the sun or in the shade defines the ideal regime for the species that have to be chosen.

Also, consider the preferences of whoever hired the project. If the person wants to have something totally green, it is necessary to give preference to foliage instead of flowers. The opposite is also true, so stay tuned.

Opt for the ideal installation system

After defining the place of interest and the species, it’s time to start doing the calculations. It is necessary to think about the number of vessels, the total weight and the best way to obtain the desired structure.

For everything to go as expected, it is essential to use the appropriate system. Consider the characteristics of each technology and how they meet the specific needs of the project. Select the materials and ensure that, from there, the structure will remain firm and secure.

Install all components

With these initial decisions, it is now possible to move on to execution. After waterproofing the chosen wall, position the appropriate structure. Each technology has a need, and the fixing system has to be done completely.

In the process, take the opportunity to install irrigation and drainage, as they are part of the “skeleton” of the garden. With everything ready, it’s time to transfer the species to specific vessels or structures. In the case of a green wall, care must be taken with the layout so that the entire area is covered.

Take care of the characteristics of the environment

With the installation complete, it’s time to put the finishing touches on to ensure good results. Taking care of the environment includes, for example, directing the entry of natural light through the appropriate use of curtains and windows. It is also necessary to define the air conditioning conditions, such as the room temperature. There are plants that cannot resist the cold, and this must be considered.

In addition, it is worth thinking about aesthetics. So that the vertical garden can be enjoyed at any time of the day, it is interesting to develop a good lighting project. Keep an eye on the intensity of the lamps and be sure to purchase suitable materials, such as brackets and switches .

If so, you must also compose the rest of the site. A gourmet area, for example, asks for special benches and chairs to enjoy the green. Indoors, the use of sideboards and assistive elements may be ideal. So, consider these aspects to get a great finish.

What solutions are available on the market?

The best way to accomplish all these steps is with the adoption of solutions that meet the needs of this project. Fortunately, there are many possibilities available, as the vertical garden has become increasingly popular in different environments.

To design something that suits the customer and takes advantage of the space, the ideal is to select the best alternatives among those that can be used. To have no doubts when choosing, see how the main possibilities work.

Modular systems

One of the main current options is to use modular systems. As the name shows, they are composed of units known as modules. They can be joined, according to the needs of each project.

This is the case with plates with good structure and space for some vessels. To occupy the entire area, you can use several of them. Once installed, simply position the plants and achieve differentiated results. It is the best option for creating so-called green walls.

Among the materials, there are wood, ceramic, concrete or plastic panels, in addition to those that offer mixed possibilities.

Precast blocks

Normally made of cement, the blocks are positioned on walls with proper waterproofing. They are a fixed alternative and work very well when the idea is to explore the landscape in the external environment.

Depending on the case, it is possible to invest in options with different formats. There are blocks with small embossed ceramic vases that are in evidence, while others have small shelves. Either way, most are assembled in a stacked manner, which helps to create compositions for each environment.

Metal trellis

Another convenient possibility is to use a metal lattice. It also has a modular function, but is less versatile than other systems of the type. Still, it manages well to meet what is required.

In this type, the structure is metallic and has a good support structure. In the spaces, the plants are positioned until they fill the entire area. It can be used to create a wall-style “camouflaged” garden, but this is not so common. Instead, it is more frequent to use this alternative to exhibit with the foliage. In this case, it is necessary to think about the decoration of the containers to create a good composition.


If the client seeks maximum practicality, he can also invest in the vertical garden in blankets. It works similarly to grass, except that it is positioned on the wall. Made with natural foliage, it does not use soil, but still requires water. So, it is produced in hydroponic modality.

This alternative is very technological and serves to reduce the need for cleaning and maintenance. On the other hand, there are fewer species available in the composition, which must be considered.

Niches and Shelves

Another way of setting up a vertical garden is with the use of components installed on the wall in a “traditional” way. Niches and / or shelves can be lined up to create a composition filled with vases, foliage and flowers.

This choice is very practical, but it usually does not offer the result of a green wall. So, it is worth considering whether it is better to select this alternative or opt for a modular one, for example.

The vertical garden is a great bet to bring modernity or even to take advantage of reduced spaces – while still including nature. With these tips, you can set up differentiated projects that please customers.


12 incredible garden designs to inspire you

1. Regardless of the space, format or chosen plants , a garden always brings joy and beauty to any environment. Reveals 12 incredible garden options designed by renowned professionals. See the models in the images and get inspired! 

2. Cheerful. In this project by the company Gigi Botelho Paisagismo, the idea was to integrate a small dining area into the garden of the house . Nothing like a family afternoon coffee surrounded by greenery.  

3. Diversified. Marcelo Faisal’s project mixes different types of plants, including some trees, and leaves the garden of this elegant residence. 

4. Shade and fresh water. A rest area integrated into the garden of the house was the idea of ​​the Perlla et Jr Decor office in this charming project.

5. Colorful. In addition to the green of the lawn and plants, this garden has the color of the cushions that decorate the sofas of the environment. The combination makes the garden even more cheerful. The project was signed by Marilia Veiga.

6. Symmetrical. For those who don’t have much space, this garden by Gigi Botelho Paisagismo managed to harmonize the pots with a beautiful flower bed. 

7. With personality. The trunk of an old tree is the attraction of this garden full of personality. The project is by Marcelo Faisal.

8. Functional. And who said that a beautiful garden cannot be designed in the passage of the house? This is the project of Julio Anjos Arquitetura.    

9. Harmonious. The bottom pool, the white stones and the green make this Roberto Riscala Landscaping project an incredible garden option. 

10. Illuminated. Garden doesn’t have to be beautiful just during the day. At night, with adequate lighting, it can be even more full of charm. Marcelo Faisal is responsible for the project. 

11. Stylish. How about a garden to make the entrance to the house even more elegant? This was the purpose of Zize Zink Arquitetura in this stylish project. 

12. Welcoming. Here the garden is part of the balcony decoration and makes the environment even more welcoming. The project is by Carico Arquitetura.


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