Green roof with sustainable garden

adds environmental comfort to the house, see!

Instead of using traditional roofs, the roof of this house is green (with vegetation). The great advantage of the green roof is that it adds thermal comfort, well-being, pleasant appearance, in addition to absorbing rainwater. The architect Angela Bohrer and this blogger who writes you have designed these green roofs for the house. On the concrete slab, a garden was created where spices, fruit and native plants are cultivated that attract hummingbirds. A space was transformed into a green area which, if paved, would be arid and lifeless.

garden - green roof
Garden – green roof in August 2015 – Photo: Helena Schanzer

Garden – green roof in August 2015 – Photo: Helena Schanzer

The garden was planned during the house design stage. This was fundamental so that the final weight, when the shrubs were already grown, were foreseen in the structural design. The waterproofing of the concrete slab, the trim and the draining of the terraces are fundamental for the success of the hanging garden. The grass, perfumes and spices created a cozy atmosphere for the house.

green roof with home garden
Home garden with green roof in 2010 – Photo: Helena Schanzer

In the sequence of photos below we have the step by step of the execution of the garden: the placement of the bidim on the gravel, the substrate and the ready garden, some months after implanted. All of this work was possible thanks to the projects of engineers and architects and their technical support. The team of professionals formed by Arch. Angela Bohrer, the team of engineers from Appel Engenharia, captained by eng. Paulo Appel, structural engineer Claudia Kusiack planned and executed the residence with the green roof. The green roof was planned and executed by eng. agronomist Helena Schanzer and, before the house was completed, the gardens were ready. The planting team was Eng. Agricola Egon Zounar.

Home garden with green roof - steps
Step to put the bidim – Home garden with green roof – Photo: Helena Schanzer

The photo terrace is 3 meters above the ground and is over the garage of the house. On the green roof, the product used as “soil” was made with organic compost and eucalyptus bark. This organic compound, also called organic fertilizer, results from the treatment of organic waste from the cellulose manufacturing process. This substrate guarantees perfect drainage, density, and permeability for the garden to function, as it retains water in the right amount for the vegetation and is not soaked. The green roof system creates a “sponge” to absorb rainwater and rainwater, which is collected in a system to be reused for irrigation.

green roof 01
Laying substrate in the home garden with a green roof – Photo: Helena Schanzer
green roof 03
Home garden with green roof – Photo: Helena Schanzer
Home garden with green roof
implantation of a home garden with a green roof – Photo: Helena Schanzer

To know the species of vegetation that are grown on this green roof click here: Lavender, azaleas, pythospores, mint, rosemary, alpine, raspberry, and others.

Types Of Fertilizer: How To Choose

Fertilizers serve to improve the soil and encourage healthy plant growth or maintenance. As a consequence, greener plants and more vivid flowers are obtained with the correct use of the fertilizer.

Different in texture and composition, they can eliminate weeds, control erosion, replenish or prevent loss of nutrients, improve structure or even provide nitrogen and minerals. To choose the right  type of fertilizer  , identify the need for the pot that is inside the house or in the garden.

Types of fertilizer

Fertilizers can be divided into liquid or powder and granulated. The liquids are sold in pots and absorbed more quickly by the plant and, exactly for this reason, they need to be reapplied in a short time. Granules or powder, on the other hand, need water to be absorbed and, therefore, take longer, that is, the  fertilizing time  is longer.

Mineral fertilizer

Available in liquid, powder or granules, this type of fertilizer originates from mineral extraction or oil refining. Quickly absorbed, it is necessary to analyze on the packaging what is its greatest function, according to the most present nutrient.

  • Potassium:  creates resistance against diseases caused by fungi and bacteria;
  • Phosphorus:  helps in plant growth;
Organic fertilizer

Produced through vegetable or animal waste, this type of fertilizer can be made at home, through the decomposition of food. Suitable for large areas, it is responsible for developing microbial flora, which consequently improves soil conditions.

Chemical fertilizer
With nutrients in the necessary amount, the chemical fertilizer accelerates the development of plants and has no smell, that is, it is a great option for pots that decorate the interior of the house.

Garden Without Secrets: Learn To Care For The American Kiss Flower

The American kiss is a shade plant that should receive only the morning sun. Its flowers can be white, pink, orange or red. It should be in environments with natural light, because the artificial leaves it with a brown tone, since it does not do photosynthesis. It blooms twice a year, lasting ten to 20 days each time. In the pot, she lives between 2 and 3 years and measures up to 30cm. At the Chico Flores store, at Cadeg, in Benfica (at Rua Capitão Félix 110), pot 13 costs R $ 3.99. The box with 15 seedlings costs R $ 14, in general.

The American kiss is a tropical plant, suitable for environments with a temperature of around 25ºC.

The plant needs to be watered daily. In pot 13, use about 200ml per day.

The plant must be fertilized every three months, using the NPK 4-14-8 fertilizer.

Garden Without Secrets: Learn To Care For Tostão.

The penny, also known as money in penca, is a kind of cover, with very small foliage. If planted in the ground – which is ideal – it will spread widely, becoming low and low. But if it is planted in a pot, it will be like a pendant. The penny should not be wet with too much water, as it can melt. If taken care of, it can last for more than two years. At the Chico Flores store, in Cadeg, in Benfica (at Rua Capitão Félix 110), pot 11 costs R $ 3, and 12, R $ 5. Bowl 21 costs R $ 8 and 32 costs R $ 19.

The plant should be in the shade, in environments with temperatures between 20 degrees and 30 degrees.

It is necessary to fertilize it using the product NPK 10-10-10, generally, every three months.

Garden Without Secrets: Learn How To Care For Podocarp, A Species Of Pine Tree

Podocarp is a plant very similar to a pine tree. The leaf, however, is different. While the pine tree is velvety, the podocarp tree is smooth, in a dark green tone. It has long durability, and can live more than 50 years, if it is well cared for. The plant grows in the shape of a tree, reaching more than three meters – therefore, it should stay out of the house. At the Chico Flores store, at Cadeg, in Benfica (at Rua Capitão Félix 110), the podocarpo costs between R $ 19 and R $ 39 – value according to the size.

The plant needs to stay out of the house, as it must get enough sun and heat.

It must be watered every day. If it is too hot, water it twice.

It is necessary to fertilize the podocarp using NPK 10-10-10, every three months.

10 Autumn Flowers For Home And Garden Decor

With the fall of temperature in autumn, flowers play an important role in the decoration of the house, to bring warmth and warmth into the home. But for the decoration to fulfill its objectives it is necessary to know the best flowers to decorate the house at this time of the year. Check out our suggestions:

1. Pansy

The delicacy of Amor-Perfeito makes any garden beautiful! The flowers are tiny and have a variety of colors. For them to grow strong, you will need a place with plenty of sunlight, well-fertilized and drained soil. For them to bloom in the colder months, the tip is to sow them between February and March. In these conditions, you will have a “perfect” garden for a long time!

2. Lion’s mouth

Friend of a milder climate, Boca de Leão is ideal for autumn and winter, as it blooms throughout the season, but, if well taken care of, it can last until the beginning of summer, when (technically) the temperature has not yet it’s so high. If where you live has a mild climate, you can moderate cultivating it all year round! In order not to wither, leave them in the sun or in half shade and water regularly, so they will always be beautiful and fragrant in your garden.

3. Carnation

Carnation is a small flower that is characterized by the diversity of shades in the warm colors and the presence of numerous petals. Cravina also has an angelic aspect, being one of the most suitable flowers to create delicate autumn arrangements. Plant Carnation in pots or beds and expose in bright environments, such as the kitchen, living room or office.

4. Chrysanthemums

Chrysanthemums are beautiful flowers that can be easily inserted in an autumnal decoration, mainly because they present a wide variety of colors. And they are perfect to be combined with other autumn flowers forming stunning centerpieces.

5. Dahlia

Options in colors, sizes and formats to decorate with Dahlias will not be missing! Choose one or more corners of the house and make them more sophisticated with colorful floral arrangements by Dahlias. If you want a soft environment, choose to decorate with white Dahlias, For a more elegant environment, the red Dahlias in a crystal vase will be perfect!

6. Evening primrose

The Primrose is a small notable of the gardens. The petals of its flowers are rounded and serrated, differentiating them from other flowers in the garden, in addition to having strong colors such as purple, red, orange and pink. To keep them beautiful in your garden, the place should have half shade, fertile soil, rich in nutrients and drained, without the need for much watering. But beware, they can withstand the cold, but they are not resistant to frost, so see where they will stay so you don’t risk losing these little flowers.

7. Azalea

April is marked by the blooming of these beautiful flowers. Originating in Asia, Azalea is widely found in China and Japan, and it is perfectly suited to decorate your home in the coldest seasons, because its flowering season is exactly that. Besides being wonderful, they do not need frequent watering and are quite resistant.

8. Tulips

This flower is already our old acquaintance and is a great success in the cold European winter. It resists the cold of the icy seasons of the Northern Hemisphere and blooms in the spring there, which corresponds to our autumn. Very delicate and elegant, they add sophistication and good taste to environments. Just choose one of the most varied colors of the species and combine it with the rest of the decoration in the living room, bedroom, kitchen…

9. Lilies

Lilies represent purity, chastity and innocence, therefore, it is the ideal flower to have in the autumnal decoration of the house, the period of the year when the reading corner or the armchair next to the fireplace is most often used. Make arrangements for Lilies, whether mixed with other flowers, or solitary and display in tall vases through the entrance hall, kitchen, living room…

10. Winter Jasmine

For those who want to decorate some part of the garden with vines, Winter Jasmine is a great option, as it grows fast and is still very fragrant and does not need much care, just a place with plenty of sunlight, a fertile soil with good amount of organic matter and that is well drained. After that, just water regularly and when it starts to grow, always do pruning to keep growing and beautifying your garden.


21 small, easy-to-make gardens

Do you have a small area on your land, next to the garage or in front of the house, in the middle of the lawn or inside the house that you want to transform into a beautiful garden and don’t know how? In this book of ideas, we present some examples of small gardens that you can make yourself in this corner of the house, outside or inside, to refresh and color this lifeless land on the corner in front of the window or next to the street or garage, so that you can invite friends to spend the day or simply have a cup of coffee on a spring afternoon next to the beautiful vegetation. Remember that there is no better advice than a  gardener, but you can continue your recommendations for creating wonders in your home. Come with us!

1. With a romantic path

In this area, paving was prioritized to enjoy the environment, placing pieces of clay that weave a charming braid. On the corners, shrubs with colorful flowers are delimited with pieces of clay and draw designs with yellow, white, red, and pink fringes. In the center of the paths, two fallen clay jars spill fresh grass over the ground. 

2. At the corner

For a sober and simple design on the corner of the yard, you can install two rectangular wooden boxes on a bed of sand or gravel. In these boxes with prepared soil, you can plant on the corner some palm or tree that does not require much water and fill the rest of the space with swords of St. John, earth lilies or grass. 

3. A small wood in front of the living room window

This beautiful garden delimits the view of the environment behind the glass. The design consists of delimiting an area using white river stones or marble stones. Behind this limit, a line of small bushes is planted in a light color and in a matte tone to give way to the contrast of the interior with plants of more intense colors and different greens until ending with small pines and palm trees. 

4. To cover installations

To cover the air conditioners, gas tanks, water heater or simply embellish the fence, a good option is the vertical garden, in addition to surrounding the machinery area with lilies of the earth, some small palmeniras and lawn with flowers . 

5. A walking garden

To greet visitors on the way to the house, a beautiful garden is an excellent alternative. With a symmetrical design, this garden has a central palm tree accompanied by two smaller ones on the sides, plus colored shrubs and yellow and pink flowers.

6. Low maintenance

In a corner of the yard, you can place a fence with small wooden poles and fill it with pink or yellow gravel. In this area, you can plant shrubs with a dry climate so you don’t need a lot of water or maintenance, like palm trees. 

7. Next to the garage

To delimit the garage and so that it doesn’t become an opaque and lifeless space, a small planter in the background lined with white pebbles and some lilies with red flowers works wonderfully. 

8. With little space

As a visual finish and to delimit an area of ​​the garden, barbecue or balcony, a set of wooden or clay flower beds with lilies is excellent against the brick or masonry wall. 

9. Something rustic

For a rustic style space, a recycled wood cladding with an iron frame will look great if you crown it with a long gardener also made from recycled wood in which you plant aromatic herbs, some dwarf shrubs with flowers, lilies and miniature roses. 

10. Facing a green wall

To integrate the green tones of the vegetation, nothing better than a light green wall that highlights the freshness of the plants. But you should not forget to also include shrubs with yellow, brown leaves, some maria-sem-shame or lilies with white or pink flowers. 

11. A colorful garden

You can use the garden area to make a vegetable garden and enjoy the plants that you will integrate. Plant in boxes some aromatic and edible plants like basil, parsley, coriander, mint and chamomile and enjoy their aroma. 

12. Basket of flowers

You can also arrange a cover of flowers of different shades on the lawn, preferably from the same plant. In a clay vat, you can place special soil and plant flower seeds, which you can expect to multiply for your enjoyment. 

13. An area to relax

Without many complications or ultramodern designs, this garden shows us the joy of simplicity. A backyard with gravel or compacted sand, surrounded by different types of shrubs: lavender, basil, some rose bushes, laurel, a rosewood in the background. They are plants that require little maintenance, provide shade and refresh. 

14. Explosion of colors

A desolate backyard can take shape and color with a border of flowers of different colors, ranging from light yellow to intense orange and wine, passing through pink, peach and white with lilac tones. You can place some vases here and there to add dynamism to the space. 

15. Something rustic and discreet

For a small balcony with a rustic touch, you can integrate old wooden or stone elements, concrete vases and unpainted wooden boxes, with some ferns of various types, a dwarf palm or a rose bush. 

16. Delimiting areas

Wooden planters are easy to make and very useful. You can build long pieces that accommodate the areas of the yard that you want to define and plant aromatic herbs or dwarf shrubs of various types. 

17. Vertical and linear

For an integrated balcony design with a garden, this alternative is exceptional: a bamboo frame with some hanging plants, vases on the walls, ferns hanging from a structure on the wall and a perimeter planter with palm trees and shade plants. 

18. Mysterious and simple

With a mysterious and seductive touch, this balcony creates a focus on space with a rustic wooden door hanging on the wall that serves as a base for several vases suspended with plants, as well as two tall vases with flowers and wooden paths to transit. 

19. A complete combination

Another option for a beautiful balcony or corner of the yard is to place vases on the edges and corners, a little in pictures on the walls, on some wooden wall at the edge of the area and perhaps a flower path with stone blocks. 

20. An indoor garden

Like a small conservatory, this indoor garden looks warm and welcoming. The idea is to place rectangular vases that delimit the view through the large windows and larger vases in the corners with trees like olive trees.

21. Succulents


6 acres or less: 13 DIY ideas

Each happy owner of the notorious six hundredths wants to place on them not only a garden and buildings, but also fruit trees, a flower garden, a bathhouse with a greenhouse, and a pond with an alpine hill. What is the best way to equip a garden plot so that there is enough space for everything?

Small summer cottage

In order for a small area to contain everything you need and visually seem larger, you have to follow certain rules and even resort to tricks.

  1. First of all, do not build a house and a garage in the middle of the plot or in the direction opposite to the entrance. The access road will take up too much space in this case. To save space, try compactly combining buildings. For example, a house with hozblokami and a garage, and a bathhouse with a “woodcutter” and a barbecue area.
  2. Do not place tall buildings and trees along the southern border of the garden. The midday shadow will not allow you to place beds or a full flower garden here. Well, if the parking for the car can be arranged outside the site, there will be free space for a recreation area. But in the absence of extra meters, it can also be organized on the flat roof of some capital structure. If desired, a greenhouse can also be placed there.
  3. A garden in a small space is best arranged in a landscape style . The retaining wall, laid out in an arc, shrubby groups, the rounded contour of the lawn, winding paths for walks will optically expand the boundaries of the garden. Round arbors, recreation areas, terraces will visually appear more spacious.

If you like rectangular shapes, turn them at least into rhombs. They are more organically perceived in a small space.

  1. In tiny apartments, furniture is always put “on the wall” . Use the same principle in organizing the space of a small area. In other words, free the central zone of the garden and do not spoil its “ceremonial” look with random plantings. The best option for the ground floor is a neat lawn. All plantings and small forms are best placed on the periphery. Firstly, this technique creates the impression of a larger space. And secondly, it’s easier to move around this area.
Separate areas in the garden

Separate areas in the garden add volume to the space

  1. The area of ​​the site is visually reduced not only by the walls but also by the corners. Get rid of them – that is, engage! In each corner, consider placing some kind of decorative element. It can be a bright flower garden, a corner arbor or a podium, a recreation area, a bench, a composition with sculpture, and the like.
  2. Organize the space in the garden so that it is not visible all at once. A guest who has entered should not at first glance evaluate its area. Some parts of the garden should always be hidden in order to know: what is next? The best solution is garden partitions: screens, vertical structures, arches, pergolas, hedges, groups of tall plants. Let the winding garden paths either appear or hide behind these barriers, giving the impression of a large extent of space. 
  3. Visually push the boundaries of the garden. These boundaries are usually denoted by a fence. If it is fully visible, you experience a feeling of tightness, tightness. The easiest and most aesthetic way to hide a fence is to decorate it with trees, shrubs, flowers. A variety of shapes, textures, shades of foliage, bright color spots will do their job. The clear outline of the borders will disappear, giving the impression that next is also a garden.
  4. Make the fence at the cottage combined, using various materials that combine with each other. As a result, uniformity disappears, the feeling of limited space is lost.

Color the fence in a light tone, preferably gray. It looks organically in the garden at any time of the year. Better yet, if you give the fence on your site a little light “tracery”. Of course, a completely openwork fence is not the best option. But the “windows”, variously decorated, imitation arches with mirrors will help to visually make the site larger. Against the background of a solid fence, insert another texture. For example, in the form of large diamonds with wooden diagonal weaving. Even an insert from an ordinary mesh-netting can be an original design decision!

DIY ideas

Fragment of a fence in the form of an imitation of a house wall

  1. Organize terraces on different levels in the garden. If the site has at least a small topography, the garden seems larger and more spacious. Creating a “difference” of only half a meter can completely change the impression of the site! Therefore, plan a retaining wall, an alpine slide, flooring, steps or a podium, even a small one. You can move “down” – that is, make a “recessed” kindergarten or playground for relaxation, located below the level of the garden.
  2. Optically push the boundaries of the garden will help the game with color . The garden will gain depth and volume if in the foreground you place light-colored plants: white-edged derain, yellow-orange flowers, red-leafed barberry bushes, and purple species of cystonia. Behind, group plants of cold and dark shades, such as conifers. Closer plant flowers and shrubs with large foliage, and behind them with small foliage.

Large trees and shrubs in a small area should be few. The crown size can be trimmed from time to time.

  1. From the variety of fruit trees for giving a small size, choose semi-dwarf and dwarf varieties . They are specially grown for areas with harsh climates. They are compact, and it is much easier to harvest from them. Try to get varieties of different fruiting periods – summer, autumn and winter. Then you can enjoy fresh fruits at different times of the year, and keep them well.

When planting plants such as pears, plums, cherries, sea buckthorn, remember that they need a partner for pollination. If neither you nor your neighbors have it, take care of grafting twigs of another variety into the crown of your plant.

  1. On a plot of 6 acres you can not do without small garden equipment . It is better to cut the grass on a tiny lawn with a trimmer, and treat plant waste with a chopper (shredder). The crushed raw materials will take up significantly less space in the compost compartment, under which you can take a small patch in the farthest corner of the garden.
Site design
  1. With an acute shortage of space on the site, you can organize a mobile mini-garden . That is, place the crops in the planting modules. Such modules are temporarily installed in areas of the site where there is no fertile land. On any vertical surfaces – fences, walls of sheds and houses – it is possible to arrange hanging “beds”. To do this, use pieces of wide sewer pipes or any containers with a drainage hole.

Buying soil is impossible! How to maintain fertile soil in the arrangement of the site

Have bought a garden plot, are you going to build a house and break a lawn? Unfortunately, landscape designers often overlook such an important component of your acquisition as … a layer of soil in a summer cottage. Yes, it is with weeds, uneven and in some places is not needed at all – where the foundation of the future home will be. But this layer of soil must be preserved at all costs. Pavel Trannua tells why and how to do it.

Why save the soil during the construction of a summer cottage

Ways to master the garden and turn it into something “comfortable for living” can not be considered. One wants to see the area around the house under construction purely a recreation area. It is aimed at the lawn, at the wide paved paths, at the barbecue and swing areas, at the pond and shady arches of deciduous crowns around it.

For the other owner of the garden, the main thing is to realize himself as an avid plant grower. And here options are even possible inside flower growers: alpine slides are one thing, peat moss for rhododendrons are quite another, and roses and peonies are the third, etc. The rectangle of the garden will require the sunniest place, but there are still adherents of fruit growing – it is usually the most difficult for them to turn around because of the limited area …

Indeed, there can be many views on the arrangement of the site. I proceed from the fact that the most significant component in suburban life is still plants. At any moment, going out into the garden in the beauty of landscape design, going out surrounded by your flowers and fruit trees, picking ecologically clean greenery from the garden is a huge advantage of country life. For this approach, it is more reasonable to create one fertile soil on all.

Why save the soil during the construction of a summer cottage

Let us take a look at the land massif through the eyes of a beginner who has never seriously touched the turf and is afraid of the formidable form of weeds that covers the entire plot. And so he just begins to mentally arrange the buildings and inspects the area …

In this case, try to see that the weeds are a friend of the soil, not its enemy, to this day it has increased its fertility, and the soil is the most valuable that is on the site you have acquired. Your first task during construction is to preserve the soil . And at the same time lighten your future victory over the weeds, which you are going to replace with cultivated plants.

At this stage, the following mistake is made : they’re easily removed and “thrown out” somewhere, in fact, they lose the topsoil , believing that if you dig a bare bare subsoil with humus and other fertilizers, then here you can plant flowers and everything whatever. This is a fallacy: never in your future work with plants artificial soil will not give you the same as natural soil, even if it is a modest soil of the middle strip, not shining with “titles” of chernozem.

Grow your flowers, but it will not be the same, and you will never achieve what you have lost. Your soil has slowly ripened for several thousand years, it has properties that cannot be created by any humus.

“Come on, I’ll buy a car of humus and then what else is best for you – I’ll buy the best fertilizer – and put it on top!” – the active builder who has already rolled under the asphalt a parking lot in front of his castle will grin at my warnings.

Alas, it is impossible to become sixteen again for money, and it is impossible to create soil for money several thousand years old, which has been gradually saturated with humus since the glacier disappeared.

“Come on, I’ll buy a car of exactly the same land, even better – they’ll bring me black soil from Tambov!”

Alas, no one will bring you anything. Do you think that for you somewhere in the field they will carefully bayonet the top layer of “no man’s land” with turf? This is a crime – such actions are prohibited by law! No, they will bring black soil and say that it is black soil, and it will be peat slag, on which nothing grows, but you can’t tell …

How to increase the soil layer when developing a summer cottage

How to increase the soil layer when developing a summer cottage

Therefore, I give such advice – you will not regret it sometime later! – And you decide whether to follow it or not.

  1. Before digging deep pits, first separately remove the fertile layer about a bayonet thick with a shovel. It is darker colored due to the high concentration of humus. It is transported in a wheelbarrow and stacked in a selected place of the future orchard or vegetable garden, flower garden, preferably turf down.
  2. Next, the lower clay from the pit (or sand) is removed and stored so that it does not bury the primordial soil anywhere. So, if you decide to make a loose hill around the house from the excavated soil, then first you should carefully remove and transfer the fertile layer from here.

Thus, you will increase the amount of fertile soil, which will come in handy in the future when planting fruit trees. After all, apple trees and especially pears have little of our natural fertile layer, which the soils of the Middle Strip possess, they grow better on its two to three times thicker thickness. Moreover, it has been built up, and not in depth: than digging a deep landing hole and filling it with fertile soil, it is much better to create an embankment from it.

Again. It would be more reasonable to do as follows: where it is exactly necessary according to the construction plan, remove the top soil layer in advance and store it. And not somewhere, namely, at the place of your future plantings, so that he would fall asleep weeds. During the months of construction, the turf under it will die, and then you will rake clean, loose earth. So carefully remove the layer of earth in place of all the foundations under the hozblok, garage, etc.

How to build fertile soil

As students, we were taught while digging a soil section not to mix the upper fertile layer with the rest of the subsoil, but to lay it on the other side. And it was instructive to say that “when an American farmer lets soil scientists conduct their research on their fields, he must ensure that they put each removed layer on a separate piece of polyethylene – and then return it in the same sequence after finishing work.”

The main idea is that the fertile layer should return to the zone of the greatest number of roots. Where are the roots most? This is on top of the soil 40–50 cm on chernozem, and only 20–25 cm on soils of the middle stripe, such as sod-podzolic. There are almost no roots deeper than 20–25 cm in the forest or in the field in the middle stripe. Only a few fixing “roots go deep.

The sharp predominance of dense roots in the uppermost part of the soil profile in a layer of 20–25 cm (often even less in a layer of 10–15 cm) suggests that the main plant nutrition occurs here, and that attention! – the roots do not want to go deeper. This is mainly due to anaerobic conditions: there is no oxygen due to the dense soil monolith, often flooded with water.

Therefore, soil build-up is one of the most advantageous techniques of agricultural technology in the middle lane for all shrub and woody perennials. When creating a fertile layer in the middle zone, it makes no sense to go deep into the ground – deeper than 20-30 cm, but it is welcome to build up the fertile layer up.

If you shovel a dense layer of subsoil at a depth of 25-50 cm and simultaneously dig compost or manure into it, then this will not be as effective as if you were to top up 25 cm of fertile soil. That is, in both cases you will receive 50 cm of fertile soil, but in the second case it will be more productive, especially over a long distance.

The same approach to planting pits for fruit seedlings: if you dig a deep hole, according to the southern sample, 60–70 cm deep, and fill it with all kinds of organic matter, then water will accumulate in it, after a few years it will swim and lose all its advantages. Whereas a gentle embankment 30–50 cm high will act productively and respond to fertilizers throughout the life of an apple, grape or cherry.

And a few more words for lovers of lawns and arbors. The garden should leave freedom of choice and change. No need to deprive yourself of the opportunity to deal more closely with plants in the future. As little land as possible is initially “bricked up”: your views on garden design, your ideas and addictions to new plants may change. In addition, you can pass the baton to your children who want to arrange everything in their own way – therefore, you should always have the opportunity to re-plan the layout and expand your seating area.


DIY flower beds, beautiful view, and easy care

Who will argue that flowers are a wonderful decoration of the garden, some even plant the garden in order to grow them. But at the same time, the construction of flower beds is associated with significant material costs and very troublesome care. We will tell you how to create the most versatile of them – a mixborder and a raised flower garden, as well as the flowers that will decorate the garden with minimal care.

DIY flower beds and flower beds: a beautiful view and easy care

Flower beds from annuals are especially bright, they are well suited for ceremonial places, however, their arrangement requires an annual investment of time for growing planting material from seeds and buying seedlings in large quantities is quite expensive. With a shortage of time, effort, and money, it is more rational to lay flower beds from perennials in a small garden.

Among the elements of the flower decoration of the garden, flower beds with regular and landscape layouts are common. The first ones usually include flower stalls, flowerbeds of regular shape, linear flower beds – borders, and rabatka. Landscape flower beds combine mixed borders or mix orders, groups, and massifs in a natural style imitating a section of a flowering meadow, prairie, or shady forest edge.

DIY flower beds and flower beds: a beautiful view and easy care
Chistets and sage


Plants in mixborders are placed according to the usual principle: shrubs and tall flowering plants – in the background, low – forward.

To enhance the effect of the constant attractiveness of the flower garden, you should have an idea of ​​the timing of flowering of different species and varieties of plants. In mixborders, it is advisable to use decoratively stable species that allow you to form a dense, durable and colorfully saturated floral cover.

Colorful annuals maintain a constant holiday atmosphere. In diverse combinations, marigolds and alissum, marigolds and balsams, salvia and pansies, cineraria and petunia are used. Among biennials there are many interesting, besides tall plants, for example, stem roses, digitalis, mullein, or teasel. Peonies, geraniums, astilbe, daylilies, hosts, phloxes, cuffs and bells usually prevail among perennials in mixborders.

DIY flower beds and flower beds: a beautiful view and easy care
Bell, astilbe and clove-grass

Ground cover, creeping herbs are widely used: thyme, sedum, saxifrage, young, low cloves and phlox. Ferns and ornamental cereals are becoming increasingly popular. At the end of the season, the magic of the color of autumn foliage of shrubs and perennials begins to gain strength.

Decorative and deciduous and beautifully flowering shrubs add brilliance of colors to mixborders: roses, rhododendrons, euonymos, barberries, derrens, wiegels, spirea, cinquefoil, mock-ups, actions and magnificent buddles. Absolute hits in mixed flower beds of hydrangea are tree-like and panicled different varieties.

Along the paths, along the perimeter of paved areas, and sometimes for bordering flower beds, rabatki and borders are planted from dense, relatively undersized plants: shrub aster, host, primrose, narrow-leaved lavender, ash gray fescue, stonecrop of a prominent and others.

DIY flower beds and flower beds: a beautiful view and easy care

Simple and complex care flowers in the garden

Those gardeners who do not have the opportunity to constantly care for flower beds in their area should probably limit the use of plants that need special care, require shelter for the winter, tying them to support, constantly cutting off faded blossoms, digging bulbs, frequent transplants and dividing the bush.

Examples of such perennials include tulips, hyacinths, delphiniums, phloxes, dahlias, eremurus, knifofii, tuberous anemones, non-stable groups of irises, as well as some lilies, daffodils and hazel grouse. It should also be borne in mind that many chrysanthemums, hosts, violets, rogers, thyme, kirengeshoma, ostrovsky, lavender and other flowering plants can also suffer from colds, frosts, winter bites by mice.

In small flower gardens typical of small gardens, planting of perennials should be avoided, especially prone to aggressive growth and the formation of countless seeds. Among others, we can mention the Caucasian butterbur, the shrubby donkey, red-brown geranium, aquilegia, some geraniums and bells, the ostrich fern, common varietal chickweed, the veronica filiform, the forms of the creeper, digitalis, and some ornamental cereals, such as the sandworm or sandworm.

DIY flower beds and flower beds: a beautiful view and easy care
Pixie’s Asian lily hybrids are among the most unpretentioun

For flower beds, which do not require much effort and time to care , you can primarily recommend perennials such as Volzhanka, Elecampane, Telekia, Buzulniki, aconites, peonies, incense, astilbe and hosts. The same list can also include goldenrod, veronica and veronikaruma, purges, wormwood, rudbeckia, loosestrife, nyvyanik, lupine, daylilies, geyhera, saxifrage and sedum, many ornamental cereals: lightning, miscanthus, pike, fescue, celery.

Among the herbaceous perennials, distinguished by the enviable constancy of decorative qualities, one can name astilbe and daylilies, sage and catnip, stakhis and crypt. Having a constant attractiveness of appearance, these plants are not aggressive and get along well with their neighbors in flower beds of various types.

Raised flower bed

To give originality to the infield, you can build not an ordinary flower garden, but raised. It provides a safe growth of flower crops in conditions when the soil on the site is waterlogged, thanks to it the care of planted plants is facilitated, the volumetric structure of the garden is complicated, and additional vertical surfaces appear. The raised flower beds, in addition, make it possible to show in all its glory creeping and ampelous plants with shoots hanging to the ground in an even area.

DIY flower beds and flower beds: a beautiful view and easy care
Flower bed in container

The raised flower bed, whether it be a flower bed from annuals or a mixborder, significantly changes the perception of the area of ​​the site where it is located. In a small garden, a raised flower garden can be very tiny, even a ceramic container or a large clay pot with flowers planted in it can play its role.

When constructing a raised flower bed, different materials are used to mount the wall or sides: natural stone (blocks of sandstone, dolomite, tuff or more dense rocks, flagstone), brick, clinker or wooden timber. The height of the design of the raised flower bed can be from 20-30 cm to 1 m, length and width are arbitrary, in accordance with the plan and features of the place.

On the site reserved for a mixborder or flowerbed, the upper 20-cm layer of soil is removed. A geotextile is laid on the bottom of the pit along the perimeter of the future structure, then a layer of medium-sized crushed stone 10 cm thick, which is carefully compacted, and a 5-centimeter layer of sand is poured on top and spilled with water.

Stone blocks or flagstone are laid sequentially on the sand, row after row, and if the flower garden is not high, then by the dry masonry method, otherwise a cement mortar is used. The brick is also placed on a cement mortar, while the lined walls are covered with tiles or sawn flagstone from above to protect against moisture.

DIY flower beds and flower beds: a beautiful view and easy care
Just one or two rows of stones will allow you to form a raised mixborder

The timber and other wood materials are treated with antifungal agents and isolated from the base and soil with sheets of roofing felt.

Inside the walls of the resulting structure, a drainage layer about 10 cm thick of crushed brick, gravel or coarse sand is poured, and on top is a soil substrate with a layer of at least 30 cm, as for ordinary flower beds.

For most perennials and annuals, a standard peat-based fertile soil is suitable, for “alpine” plants a soil mixture is prepared with a high content of sand and gravel, for decorative vegetable crops with the addition of compost and humus, for conifers, heathers, and rhododendrons, a soil with a generous admixture is needed coniferous land and horse peat.

Layout of the suburban area: where to place the house and everything else

Not everyone is ready to endure a hut and an overgrown garden in the country  . After acquiring a summer cottage, many simply scratch their hands to plant and build something there. Where to start – first build, then plant or vice versa? Soil scientist Pavel Trannua in the book “Cottage from scratch” advises to begin the arrangement of the cottage with the layout. To figure out how to arrange the house and other buildings – taking into account future landings, of course. But nothing, especially fruit trees, yet to plant.

In which part of the plot is it best to position the house

In which part of the plot is it best to position the house

If we are talking about the middle lane, then in a small summer cottage, the main structure should be placed from the north , otherwise the entire remaining area will be in the shade, and it will no longer make sense to grow apple trees or other fruit trees. The same can be said about the garden, about roses …

The fact is that today people have a habit, in addition to “grandiose” buildings, also blocking themselves with deaf galvanized hedges, which also create a shadow. In a small area of ​​3–6 hundred square meters, there is an acute shortage of landing areas for “normal” ones, i.e. the most numerous, sun-loving cultures.

If you plan to have a serious fruit orchard on your site , where there will be several seed and stone fruits crops, and even 2-3 varieties each, then proceed from the fact that the most advantageous place for all fruit trees is the place in front of the house on the south side , or the so-called front garden, since the rays of the sun reflected from the buildings fall on it. This place is very different in the amount of heat even from just open space, not to mention the shaded corners, so here all varieties get an advantage and have higher productivity.

What are the other conditions for choosing a home location? Usually they try to put the house on the highest place of the site in order to avoid strong flooding by groundwater. A good house means the ground floor in the form of a basement or at least a cellar, and it is protected from water by all possible means.

And what about the temporary entrance, because the building material will be delivered to the construction site?

If you have old or used boards at your disposal, then it is worth paving a temporary entrance for cars so that the wheels do not roll out the “dirt” so much – the place of your possible future flower garden or garden.

Rest zone

An outdoor dining area is more often located on the north or northeast side of the house to have breakfast in the soft morning sun and then spend most of the day in a saving shade.

For the construction of such a site there is no need to “dig a pit too” and even arrange a deep sand cushion under it with the removal of the upper fertile layer of the earth. Since in the future you can decide to transfer the site, and here to grow plants that prefer shade, it is prudent to lay the tile on a layer of sand, poured on top of a fertile layer to preserve it completely. In the buried (preserved) form, the primordial soil lies for decades, without losing its properties, and then it is easily included in crop production.


They are also desirable to be located in the northern part of the plot, so that they create less shadow. If you choose between east and west, then the eastern side of the site should be open to the sun, therefore, farm buildings should be moved to the western part.

Often, outbuildings are located near the house, so that they form a single complex.


Place for installing a toilet and street sewage

This is a very important point. Both the toilet and the open sink pollute the soil with salt and soda and other detergents. Here, the accumulation of these substances proceeds at a faster rate than washing with spring water from snowmelt. Therefore, both of them are desirable to be located away from plantings and at the same time in the lowest part of the site, to take into account the movement of groundwater.

Artificial pond

Previously, it was customary to arrange a pond in the lowest part of the site so that the water could stand longer in the summer, but with the advent of durable film waterproofing it became possible to make a pond in any part of the site. Moreover, the lake can be made both dug and “external”, i.e. with full bulkheads, which is more convenient for a complete drain of water for the winter.

When choosing a place for a pond in a summer cottage, it should be borne in mind that it should be enclosed by arches of trees or a high shrub on the south side, otherwise the water will bloom from excess sunlight. The role of shading, of course, can perform and buildings.

Indeed, the artificial pond in the estate is one of the convenient facilities for the rational use of shady places. So, a pond can be arranged among the crowns of fruit trees, where as they grow older it will be impossible to plant anything properly.

In this case, all the embankments are prepared first: both under the pond and under the trees (the latter, according to the principle, the higher the better, they can even rise above the water level on their embankments), and only then, after filling the pond with water, they buy in nursery seedlings of apple trees and other fruit trees.

“And if you still dig a pond without an underlying film, such as a fire pond, which were arranged earlier in all garden associations?”

A natural pond will constantly keep water only in really low areas. Water from a reservoir tends to go into groundwater all summer. In any natural body of water, the water level drops all summer, and after rains it rises again, and then drops again – and so it constantly fluctuates. In arid hot summers, the water in a shallow pond can completely disappear. Accordingly, the nymphs planted there in pots are exposed.

As practice shows, the most successful decisions on the planning of a summer cottage come gradually, so it’s not practical to start all excavation work right away and turn the entire territory of a summer cottage into a quarry. It’s more competent to start with the most necessary – with preparing a place for a house and outbuildings, where you definitely need to dig pits for the foundations.


Therapeutic Gardens and Edible Gardens

Gardens have always been a balm space for the soul. It is impossible not to calm down before the look of the plants, the aroma of the flowers. Now, these characteristics are beginning to be used in favor of sick people or those just looking for a quiet moment.

In the United States and Europe, the tendency to create so-called therapeutic gardens grows. They are built outdoors or in atriums, in hospital solariums and in public places, to be frequented by the general population.

Children’s Hospital of Ireland
Combined with birdsong and the sound of running water, they awaken vision, hearing and smell, causing what experts call positive distraction. The idea of ​​creating these areas arose from the observation that physical and mental health is influenced by aspects of the physical environment, such as natural light, space or sound.

The balanced combination of pharmacological, behavioral and environmental therapies is effective in improving the health of patients and the elderly.

The implementation of green spaces in hospitals humanizes an environment generally associated with coldness, sterility, and even hostility towards patients.

Gardens are very useful in the treatment of children temporarily disabled by accident, surgery, psychological trauma or those with mental, sensory and physical disabilities.

Direct contact with nature is able to help in the recovery of illnesses, stimulating the person’s will to live and fight. Called Garden Therapy, or Hortoterapia, an effective adjunct to conventional treatments. The technique combines plant culture and active and passive gardening (contemplation). Hortotherapy has been used in correctional facilities, in cases of chemical or food dependence, physical therapy, mental illness, in the treatment of the elderly and senile patients, as well as among children with special needs or not.

For the elderly, gardening has an extraordinary effect, as it stimulates action and exercises hand-eye coordination, improves fine motor skills, helping in the abstraction of obsessive thinking about loss of strength and health. The result is that they feel not only useful and productive, but less sad and lonely.

In chronic, degenerative or invalidating diseases. When the response to medication is unsatisfactory, therapy makes life more pleasant: even if the patient does not heal, he will feel better, more relaxed.

The therapy can also have a preventive action because outdoor activities require use of the muscles and brain, exposure to the benefits of the sun and fresh air. Thus, it is a good alternative against typical diseases of the city: Obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis and cancer.

Often, a person gets sick because he feels dissatisfied with his own life and wants to find a miraculous, quick and effective cure that does not exist. Without effort and work, he seeks the miraculous, fast and effective cure that does not exist. Without constant effort and work you can get nowhere. We all need to take care of our recovery, because the equation therapy = medicine is not always so valid, a small change in the landscape is good, not only for the soul but for the pocket and for the environment as well.

The concern with a healthy diet intensifies as science shows that this is the key to long life, and to the prevention of diseases. A campaign has been gaining momentum in the United States, and its poster girl is the first lady, Michelle Obama, who is encouraging people so that instead of just using water and manure with ornamental gardens, why not apply them in the cultivation of foods? These are edible gardens or edible gardens – a more refined name for the well-known vegetable garden.

Oregon Burn Center Garden, Legacy Health
The big challenge is to make this trend come to stay not only in the United States, Brazil, but worldwide.

Spoon fresh seasoning to make dinner. Pick an orange on your foot and taste the natural juice. These practices, common only in the Interior, are closer than we think. Inspired by this trend, some companies have spread the idea in the real estate market.

Landscape artist Roberto Burle Marx, in the midst of his works of art, liked to grow plants that could also be seen later on in the dishes.

Anyone can adopt the concept and have it in a vase with parsley, chives and even basil. The result? Fresh and tastier spices.

The use of small urban spaces for the cultivation of edible gardens brings benefits to everyone who will share a pleasant and beautiful living space and the production of food and herbs for teas and spices.

As not everyone today has space in the yard to plant, there is the possibility of having a small edible garden in containers, you can enjoy a lot that you have at home, just use your creativity! It is not improvisation, it is a high productivity method proven by farmers. The basic requirement is that the location has a few hours of sunshine a day.

Garden Technology Overview

Even a small plot of land requires care. Cutting the grass, processing the trees, preparing the land for planting – all this takes precious time. And so it turns out that in the country we work more than relax. Yes, in the end, the site looks great, but we don’t have time to enjoy it – there’s so much more to do when they finally take up …

Gardening equipment can simplify maintenance work on the garden and the garden, and as a result, save time. Your site will look just as wonderful, but at the same time, you will have free minutes in which you can sit in the gazebo, have tea, swim in the pool or go to the river, lie in a hammock, and much more. Gardening equipment can become a faithful assistant for any gardener.

What exactly are the aggregates of the term “gardening equipment”?

Today, in the days of the development of technological progress, technology has penetrated into all spheres of human activity. Caring for the garden is no exception. Over the past 20 years, a lot of different devices for working on a personal plot have appeared on the Russian market. Consider the main ones – those that are recommended for each gardener.

Cultivators. Perhaps, let’s start with them, since soil-related work is labor-intensive. In most cases, cultivators are simple and lightweight (no more than 50 kg) gardening machines designed for creating beds, cultivating and cultivating. Also on the market are manual mini-cultivators that allow earthworks in greenhouses and greenhouses with limited space.

Distinguish cultivatorsgasoline and electric . Each species has its advantages and disadvantages. Electrical are more economical and environmentally friendly, but are characterized by the presence of wire and the insecurity of electric current. Gasoline cultivators are somewhat more complicated than electric ones, for them you need to buy oil and gasoline, but they are not tied to an electrical outlet.


Motoblocks , in comparison with cultivators, are more complex devices with the ability to attach attachments. In addition to the work carried out by cultivators, walk-behind tractors allow you to mow grass, dig up potatoes, level the soil, remove snow, pump water (for example, to fill containers or irrigation) and even carry goods. Naturally, they cost more, but if you need a versatile machine that can perform the most complex work of caring for the site, then walk-behind tractors are best suited. They differ in weight and power. Motoblocks are mainly produced with 2-stroke and 4-stroke engines and can have several speeds.

Verticutters, lawnmowers, scythes, trimmers. All of these devices are designed for lawn care. A verticutter (or, as it is also called, a scarifier) ​​is intended to help with cleaning the lawn from a layer of last year’s grass, as well as with aeration of the soil. After processing the lawn with this device, free penetration of air, water, and fertilizers to the roots of the plants will be ensured, which will positively affect the entire lawn as a whole – the grass will be juicier and thicker. The principle of operation of a verticutter is to pierce the soil with cutting mills that have an adjustment of the depth of immersion. Lawnmowers, motocross, trimmers used for mowing and cutting grass. They can be electric, gasoline, or mechanical.


Chain saws – chainsaws and electric saws. The main purpose of chain saws is woodcutting. In a personal plot, they can be used to remove old trees and cut them, as well as to prepare firewood, for example, for a bathhouse or stove heating of a house. Compared to hand saws, they have a huge advantage – they significantly reduce labor costs and, as a result, accelerate the process.
Chain saws can be electric or gasoline. The advantages of electric saws – they do not emit exhaust gases, which means that you can use electric chain saws indoors. They are also characterized by high environmental friendliness and efficiency in comparison with gasoline saws. Disadvantages of electric saws: the presence of a cord, as a result, limited movement; lack of the ability to work in continuous mode – in order for the saw not to overheat, it is necessary to pause work.

In addition, chain saws are divided into: amateur, semi-professional and professional. The main criterion for this division is the duration of continuous operation, as well as the service life, measured in hours of work.

Hedge trimmers. Designed to trim shrubs and hedges. The main division of these devices is carried out by the type of knife. It can be one-sided, two-sided, and rod.

The knife of single-sided scissors has teeth on only one side, and therefore can only be used for processing straight sections of shrubs. The knife of bilateral scissors, respectively, has teeth on two sides, such scissors allow you to trim the bushes from all sides. Barbell scissors are characterized in that the knife can be extended if necessary. This feature of rod products provides the ability to shear a hedge at a height without the use of stairs. In addition, brush cutters are divided into providing precise cuts and rough cuts.

Choppers. This type of gardening equipment is intended for grinding branches, outdated plants, leaves, and weeds. After grinding, the resulting mass can be used for compost. Shredders are electric and gasoline. Electric ones are characterized by less power and are able to grind branches of a smaller diameter in comparison with gasoline.

Soil motor drills. The second name is gas drills. As the name implies, they are used for drilling holes in the soil (or in ice). Pits can be used to plant trees or to set up fence posts. Motor drills give a tangible advantage in the speed of digging holes and labor costs compared with digging with a shovel or other hand tools.

Whatever garden equipment you buy, it is important to remember that only a manufacturer with a good reputation can offer you a really high-quality, functional device that will justify the costs and make work on the garden and cottage site pleasant and easy. We recommend paying special attention to this, and then the purchase will be successful and pleasing.


The sensory garden and its main characteristics

The garden, since antiquity, has always been a space for leisure and pleasure mixing a paradigm of dream and reality. Through this space, it was possible to travel in time, experience different sensations, promote encounters and get in touch with nature in its most exuberant expression.
According to Michael Corajaud, the garden is like a fragment of a dream and must be shared by each and every user, including those with some kind of disability – visual, hearing or physical. The elderly are also entitled, with their natural loss of mobility and decreased senses.

But, unfortunately, a large part of Brazilian gardens, both residential and public, do not serve this portion of society due to the lack of adequacy of their spaces. Most of the gardens are not adapted for people with disabilities and / or the elderly, including inadequate species in their spaces, not to mention constructive details such as recesses and unevenness that hinder the circulation of the disabled.

The idea of ​​creating a residential sensory garden, with very peculiar conditions, arose exactly to alleviate all this difficulty, in addition to providing this part of society with contact with nature in their own homes. The garden design can be adapted for balconies and even for the interior of the houses.

The sensory garden should be suspended at a predetermined height, considering the passage for both wheelchair users and the visually impaired and the elderly. This feature guarantees free access to everyone who wants to touch or care for species with ease.

The sensorial garden has a great oriental influence, manifesting itself through four senses of the human body:
• Touch, through the textures of plants,
• Hearing, with water fountains,
• Vision, through exuberant colors and, finally
• The smell with the aromas of the species.

Sensory Garden in the Botanical Garden of Rio de JaneiroThe species have different textures and through them it is possible to guarantee a satisfactory result, through touch. A good example of this is the case with succulents. A small cactus garden can have infinite textures and an excellent result, especially considering the visually impaired.

The small fountains and fountains of water are also responsible for pleasant sensations and can be inserted in any garden through a simple water pumping system similar to that used in aquariums. The sound emitted by the water is soothing and therapeutic according to holistic experts.

The lush colors of the flowers and foliage also guarantee excellent results with regard to the visual aspect of the garden. Their combinations can consider the most infinite color ranges. Petunias, cat tails, violets, peace lilies, geraniums, ixoras and plumbagos are among the most popular for small pots and planters. The polychromatic result can also vary according to the seasons.

And finally, sensory olfactory gardens – commonly known as aromatic or herbal gardens, of medieval influence – can also be used. In these gardens it is possible to feel the pleasant aroma of herbs and homemade spices, in addition to serving in the preparation of culinary recipes and spices in general. The most used species are rosemary, mint, basil, parsley, chives, ginger, coriander, as well as herbs that serve for ointments and teas, such as chamomile, fennel and lemon balm, among others.

According to experts, aromatic herbs have therapeutic effects, they enter through the sensitive cells that cover the nasal passages, reaching straight to the brain. In this way, these herbs affect emotions, acting on the limbic system that also controls the main functions of the body.

Below are listed some of the most important and well-known therapeutic herbs and their main characteristics:


Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)

The name has an Arabic linguistic origin, comes from the word “al ikilil”. Herb from the Mediterranean region, was highly appreciated for its aromatic and medicinal virtues. Legend has it that the Queen of Hungary, Elizabeth, who lived in the 13th century, cured her rheumatism and gout with water prepared by rosemary.

Mint (Mentha avensis)


There are many varieties of mint, each with its own characteristics. The ancients said that knowing all varieties would be as difficult as knowing how to buy them in pharmacies. Its aromatic essence has a digestive and decongestant therapeutic effect.

Basil (Ocimun minimum)


Natural herbaceous from tropical Asia, Africa and some Pacific islands. Repels insects in vegetable gardens and gardens. Widely used in home medicine in the form of tea for relaxing and relieving nervous headaches. Also used by holistic therapists in aromatherapy, to treat several other symptoms.


Parsley (Petroselinum sativum)

It is the most used herb in the kitchen, as it garnishes salads, fish, vegetables and much more. All parts are used because they have the same aroma. Mythology tells that Hercules, the winner of the Numidian lion, was crowned with parsley leaves. A modest ornament for such a great hero, when others were crowned with laurel leaves. Parsley has therapeutic aromatic power for “cystitis”, and is found in supermarkets in bouquets, usually along with chives.

It is important to note that all the species mentioned above are perfectly adaptable to planting in planters, small beds or pots. When choosing species for sensory gardens, it is essential to avoid those that have thorns, such as rose bushes, some bromeliads and succulents. Some plants with toxic substances, such as thorn of Christ and me-nobody-can, among others, should also be avoided.

How about a garden inside the house?

Recently, hanging gardens began to appear in homes for the sake of sustainability and are currently widely used as a decorative element in homes.

This type of foliage differs from the traditional garden by the aesthetic factor, but the care must be the same. Those who comment on the subject are the professionals at Traço Final Arquitetura.

Thermal insulation

Despite being aesthetically beautiful and widely used as part of decoration, the hanging gardens are functional and help with ventilation. excessive use of air conditioning, resulting in energy savings.

Aesthetically beautiful

Any house or apartment can have this type of garden. It brings a green look to the environment, which can be explored creatively. “In addition to more traditional elements, such as porcelain and plastic, the support pieces can be reusable materials such as pallets, fair boxes, pet bottles”, comments architect Fernanda Bittencourt.


Whether the garden is fixed to the wall or suspended by tensioned ropes, there are some precautions that must be taken with the garden indoors. “Regarding the support base, it is necessary to apply a waterproofing material to guarantee the material’s durability. And over plants, prefer succulent species. Despite the low maintenance, irrigation must be constant ”, explains the civil engineer, Elaine Baggio.

These are just three reasons for including this type of garden at home. It is worth remembering that it is very important to choose a well-ventilated and sunny environment to house the plants.

Do you know where to put your plants indoors?

It is from the windows that the main light comes from, responsible for the growth of the plants. But it is not anywhere that you can place them inside your home.

Each plant has its light requirement, from the minimum necessary to survive, to the ideal amount of light so that it reaches the maximum of its flowering or growth.

It is not enough just to bring the plants close to the window, thinking that this is enough for it to develop. North-facing windows show a lot of light variation during all seasons. In the winter, when the sun is lower, the light enters most of the day, as in the summer in only half of this time.

East-facing windows have better sunshine in the morning, but later in the day this facade becomes colder than a north or west facade.

In the west the sun becomes very hot in the summer and it is therefore not advisable to leave the plants exposed directly to that light.

Openings in the south façade have the worst light, including in the summer and therefore should be used exclusively by plants that must be grown in low light areas.

Insufficient light leaves the plants with weak, thin and pale branches, while excess light can cause burns on the leaves.

Remember that plants always grow towards the light source, so be sure to rotate your pots frequently so that the plants grow evenly.


6 types of roses: description and care. What roses to plant in the garden?

It happens like this: roses bloom in your garden that were once planted by someone, and you really don’t know what kind of varieties they are and what kind of care they need. Is it necessary, for example, to shelter them for the winter? And it happens that a bush or climbing rose in a neighboring area will amaze the imagination and want the same. We learn to understand the types of roses: what we have and what we want.

Roses in the garden

Due to external advantages, roses are used in garden design especially widely: they are applicable in all garden styles, combined with almost any landscape objects – both natural and architectural – and are accent plants. Even the whole garden as a whole can be dedicated to roses – and it will be a beautiful, interesting, memorable garden without any signs of monotony.

Choose roses depending on their use. There are several types of roses.

Hybrid Tea Roses

Rosa 'Dark Night' (Hybrid Tea Rose)

Classic roses are the most beautiful. They have very large flowers (10–13 cm in size), very remarkable, regular in shape, with a cone-shaped core, and they are single in location. The height of the bush is about 90 cm.

Hybrid tea roses have a strong aroma. The colors are the most diverse, there are even shades close to blue. The color and luster of the leaves also varies. Hybrid tea roses can be grown either as a bush or as a standard tree. These roses are the most demanding. To get such beauty, you need to try.

At the same time, tea roses have their own characteristics: they do not bloom repeatedly, flowers on the bush are quite rare. Therefore, it is better to admire such roses near and complement them with other flowering plants, which will take on the main role during the period when the roses do not bloom.

Roses Floribunda

Floribunda rose | Better Homes & Gardens

Also very beautiful roses, although in appearance of the flower, they, of course, are inferior to tea hybrid. Their flowers are smaller in size, 5–9 cm, more “friable” in shape, arranged not separately, with brushes. They are less fragrant. The height of the bush is 60–70 cm; but there are low varieties, not higher than 45 cm. Such roses are suitable for growing in containers.

Roses of Floribunda have obvious advantages: they bloom all season, look very bright (brighter than tea hybrid), can be containerized, and most importantly – very unpretentious, not afraid of dampness, rarely affected by pests and diseases, quite frost-resistant.

Mini roses

Red Minimo' microminiature rose (With images) | Fairy garden plants

They represent, as it were, reduced copies of ordinary roses. But in this miniature lies their charm. The height of the bush is 20–40 cm, the flowers are small, heaped, often double. The small size allows you to use these roses to implement interesting landscape ideas, for example, arrange rockeries with roses.

Typically, these roses are grafted, which allows them to maintain their small size. Bloom from mid-summer to autumn, quite a long time. The colors are very diverse: from delicate to very bright shades.

These roses, as well as hybrid tea, are quite demanding to care for: they require regular plentiful watering and top dressing, they do not tolerate dry air, are often affected by pests and do not like to be disturbed by their roots. They prefer open air, so they are completely unsuitable for home breeding.For some reason, mini-roses stubbornly continue to try to grow in the apartment. Here, their size plays an important role – it seems that these roses are “homemade”. However, in the apartment they can live no more than 4 months.

Ground cover roses

Varieties of White Garden Rose (With images) | White gardens ...

Perhaps they are the most unpretentious – and at the same time very beautiful. The bushes of these roses seem to creep along the ground, releasing many shoots covered with hundreds of small terry flowers of various colors. As a result, the bush becomes like a blooming mound.

The height of the “hill” is from 20 cm to 1.8 m, and the width is from 1.5 to 2 m. Sometimes the flowering is so plentiful that leaves are not visible. It blooms all season, from June to frost. These roses do not need special care, watering and top dressing, like any other perennials. They tolerate dry air normally and, like all roses, need shelter; they are frost-resistant: they can withstand up to -35 ° C under cover.

Climbing roses

Seven tips for growing climbing roses | Rose garden design

These are enchantingly beautiful roses. They look so luxurious not only due to beautiful flowers and plentiful flowering, but also because they are vertical. By itself, such a rose will not curl, it needs to be helped, periodically tying the shoots to the support.

There are roses that bloom very abundantly once a season. They are usually small-flowered with a brush-like arrangement of flowers. Such roses form a large number of thin shoots, it is more difficult to cut them. And there are varieties that bloom not so magnificent, but longer, constantly forming new and new buds. These roses are large-flowered, and they are spectacular due to the size of the flowers. They have thicker shoots, they are not so “mixed up”.

Contrary to popular belief, a climbing rose is not very demanding, the main thing is to warm it well for the winter. To do this, it must be removed from the support and placed in a shelter. This, in fact, is the whole difficulty: it is difficult to remove the rose from the support.

Description of roses

Shrub roses

The Fairy SHRUB ROSE | Quality Roses Direct From Grower

This is the least common type, although it deserves wider use. Although these roses are less decorative than all of the above, they practically do not require leaving, and for many corners of the garden, especially uncomfortable, they are irreplaceable.

In appearance, these roses resemble high rose hips, but they have more beautiful flowers, usually double ones. The bush is very tall, at least 1 m high. Flowering is mostly single, the flowers are lush, fragrant.

In general, this rose has a shade of country or eco style, it is such a natural image. It can also be used for landscaping the outer territory beyond the perimeter of the site, as well as for hedges.

Best neighbors for roses

Not any plants are combined with roses, since roses are very elegant and have a special texture. Flowers planted next to roses should emphasize their beauty, serve as a suitable style for the background and in no case argue with the queen of the garden.

Here are some plants that can be a worthy addition to a rose in compositions, flower beds, mixborders: delphinium, digitalis, bell, mallow (stem-rose), Italian aster, purple stonecrop, rudbeckia, panicled phlox, giant onion, daylily, Turkish clove, cosmea, cuff, woolly cleaner; at some distance you can plant a gypsophila.

Preparing roses for winter

For the winter, roses are sure to be covered. There are many different ways to do this, but not all of them are equally good, as the rose is also very afraid of undermining.

Rosa needs a warm “house” for the winter, but with good air exchange. In principle, the type of house is the same for climbing roses, and for all others. The best option is a wooden box plus a dense two-layer spunbond on top. Such shelter is both warm and breathable.

Instead of a wooden box, you can use a cross-mounted garden designer, pull on it two layers of dense spunbond, and on top – a plastic film.

They do nothing with ordinary, bush roses, and the climbing rose must first be removed from the support (this is the most difficult thing – it pricks significantly). Therefore, it is better to purchase a flexible special support for it, which can be removed from the main support (arches, arbors) and stacked with a rose. Then cut the shoots by 1/3, curl them up and lay them in a “house” on a layer of sawdust or a spread sheet of polystyrene foam.

Austin Roses at the best price


All roses are planted in a container of 5 liters, carefully grown, bloomed and some on the buds yet.
Pick up daily in Golyanovo, Kuzminki evening by appointment, Volga on Saturdays.
Live photo: Varieties: GERTRUDE JEKYLL 4 pieces 750 rubles each. One of the best and most popular varieties of David Austin. The flowers are saturated pink, in the center pale raspberry, fade to pale pink at the edges. They open wide, showing a mass of small petals, sometimes forming a quartered center, and occasionally show golden stamens. Flowers appear in small brushes of 3-5 pcs. The aroma is very strong, from the petals of Gertrude Jakyll make essential oil for perfumes.

Wollerton Old Hall 2 pieces for 800 rubles.
New in 2011. The variety was named after one of the most beautiful private gardens in the UK, which is located next to the Austin garden.
The rounded terry flower (26–40 petals) initially has the color of butter and, as it dissolves, gradually brightens, reaching a light cream. The aroma is saturated, with notes of myrtle. The rose blooms very long, almost continuously throughout the season.


How much does a garden cost?

efore hiring the project, the client always asks: how much will the garden cost? The answer is not simple, because it will depend on many variables. The size of the area, the complexity of the work, the pattern and types of plants, the place or technical aspects, such as the availability of materials and supplies near the site. A 50 m² garden on a roof will not have the same cost as another 10,000 m² on a farm. We must always calculate the price per m² and not let ourselves be influenced by the total price. That’s because when we talk about total prices for different gardens, we end up generating misunderstandings and distorting the concept of value and price.

The civil construction sector uses the CUB (Basic Unit Cost) as a price and cost reference, and it is important to understand this concept. The client knows that the price of his work will be the result of multiplying the number of square meters by the value of the CUB. You can also calculate some adjustments according to the construction standard, but you will have a calculation basis to be able to budget accurately before starting construction.

ESG and the cost of capital - MSCI

In landscaping this does not always happen. Imagine a flowerpot on a roof, where all materials have to go up the elevator. Many residential condominiums set strict times for entering materials and carrying out maintenance work, which greatly reduces working time. The result is that the work ends up costing more. The same flowerpot, if it was located on the floor plan of the same building, could cost up to 40% less, using the same plants and materials. The same is true with the type of garden. A flower bed with bromeliads, orchids, or plants of high unit value will cost more per m² than a garden with grass or coverings. The size and quality of the plants have an important weight when calculating the final cost of the garden. We can specify trees of 2,

We once had two interesting situations. In an industry project, the client informed us that we would have a budget of R $ 150 thousand for the project and the execution. The client was telling us that we could design a good project and that there would be enough resources to make a good garden. Looking at the plan and in a quick calculation, I commented that the total area to be worked would be over 100,000 m² and that even with large areas of lawn, as predicted, the cost would not be less than R $ 1 million and that it would probably be more close to R $ 1.5 million. At first he was surprised. I thought I had budgeted enough for the landscaping project and the garden. We did some calculations and immediately realized that with the estimated budget, we wouldn’t even be able to put grass in the whole area, without considering any other additional investment.

This example is not an isolated case. For a residential condominium project, the budget was just over R $ 60,000 for approximately 2,000 m² of garden. The venture’s investment was over R $ 15 million and for landscaping the total represents less than 0.5% of the total investment. Another situation is that we encounter when designing or executing a small garden. Sometimes the size of a flower pot. In these cases, the basic costs of visits, office work and follow-up represent a significant value for small work in the area, but complex and involving. In this case the cost per m² of garden can reach thousands of reais.

These are part of the dilemmas we face when it comes to answering the question: how much does the garden cost? With more than 30 years of experience and almost a thousand projects executed, we have shared with our customers the logic of CUP (Landscaping Unit Cost). It allows us to inform when the project is hired what the approximate cost of execution will be. We have developed three levels of cost, according to the variables that must be considered and, of course, these values ​​change from region to region, but maintain their logic and proportion.


Level A – Simpler gardens

Use of smaller plants, lower planting density and more rustic species. They are gardens with larger extensions of grass or ground cover. With smaller trees, up to 2 m in height and less flower beds. Basically they are gardens with perennial plants and low maintenance cost. It is the standard for large areas, for more economical real estate projects. They include some benches and floor areas, but preferably use permeable floors of crushed gravel or gravel for the paths and circulations.


Level B – Medium standard gardens

Use of medium-sized trees, with flower beds and flowering shrubs. Higher planting density and use of plants and flowers of higher quality and price. Trees up to 4 meters high, palm trees from 3 to 4 meters and shrubs over 1 meter high. Plants well developed and with a higher standard. Using chips, slow release fertilizers and different finishing materials. They incorporate basic equipment such as benches and playgrounds of low complexity.

Level C – Are the gardens of high standard

Use of exemplary plants. Trees over 5 meters high, which require heavy equipment such as cranes and excavators for construction, with complex works such as lakes, streams, pergolas, leisure areas and playgrounds.

What are the values ​​for each level?

A garden level  A  will cost between R $ 60 and R $ 80 per square meter. A level  garden  would cost between R $ 90 and R $ 120 per m² and for level  C  the cost per m² is between R $ 120 and R $ 250 also per m². Understanding that in the latter case the sky is the limit. A vertical garden with orchids can cost up to 10 times this price. The objective is not to define a price “table”, but to share the prices practiced by the market in the northern region of Santa Catarina.

An alert

Be wary of very low prices. Prices below costs mean problems either in the quality of the plants, or in the exchange of the specified plants for others of a lower price and size. Too low prices mean savings in soil preparation, fertilizer quantities, depth of preparation, or working with unregistered employees, without proper safety equipment and training. There are no miracles. Investing in a project and then saving cents at the time of execution is a very common mistake. A mistake made most of the time out of ignorance. When a lot of money is not available, it is preferable to invest in soil preparation and buy smaller seedlings, which will then grow. Soil preparation is the foundation of every good garden. A good project specifies the quantities, sizes, packages and planting densities.

Shall we fertilize the garden?

We always want the garden to be beautiful, flowery and with lush plants, but we forget that a beautiful garden needs, in addition to care and attention, to be fertilized regularly.

Don’t we eat every day? Plants also need to receive fertilizer regularly. When was the last time you fertilized the garden? When I ask this question, I usually receive an answer “I don’t remember” and an expression of surprise, accompanied by the question: Do you need to fertilize?

The answer is clear, we need to fertilize yes. If we want to have a beautiful garden, we need to fertilize it frequently. We not only need to fertilize, but to know which fertilizer is the most recommended, how much and how often. It looks complicated, but it isn’t.

Let’s go to some tips that will help to have a more beautiful garden, with more intense blooms and healthier plants.

We can fertilize both with chemical fertilizer and with organic fertilizer.

It is better to periodically fertilize with smaller quantities than to add a lot of fertilizer once.

We must not forget to put limestone in the soil once a year. Neutral soils allow a better absorption of fertilizer by plants and avoid waste of fertilizer and money.

On looser sandy soils, a good part of the fertilizer can be lost by rain, in this case it is better to use organic fertilizer that has a better permanence and washes less. In more clayey soils, organic fertilizers are also beneficial because they help to increase soil porosity.

A composition between chemical fertilizer and organic fertilizer will give better results and will also improve the soil structure.

Among the organic fertilizers available on the market, the best known are earthworm humus, poultry manure and turkey among them is especially recommended. Organic fertilizers such as castor cake, bone meal or wood ash are also available. The important thing to remember is that organic fertilizer in addition to macronutrients such as Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K) are also rich in micronutrients.

Chemical fertilizers or compounds are usually known by the initials of their main nutrients NPK. There is a wide variety of formulations on the market suitable for each stage of plant development, the purpose of cultivation or the type of climate, soil or need. In a very simple way we must consider that for green plants and plants in the growth phase it is better to use fertilizers with the proportion of NPK 3-1-2, for general maintenance the proportion 1-1-1 is the most suitable.

But the best tip is FERTILIZER. At least every 3 months, fertilize your garden and your beds. The result will be visible. A well-fertilized garden grows better, has more color and healthier plants are less prone to attack by pests and diseases.

And don’t forget: spring is when plants need the most fertilization.


Gardening with kids – 3 easy and fun projects

A garden can also be a wonderful playground for children of all ages. There are many things to explore: different forms of plants, leaves and flowers. Different colors and smells, lots to move and lots to learn.

Gardening with children

Gardening gives the little ones some learning and almost always a lot of fun. There are many projects that we can do with them, even at this time of year. Take a look at these 3 suggestions of activities that I did here at home with my little ones and enjoy the Carnival holidays to play and garden!

1. Construction of a mini nursery 

Gardening with children

Objective : To be able to see how plants grow from small seeds.

To germinate seeds in the middle of winter, we only need a small greenhouse, even if improvised on a covered balcony (sunroom) or in a more protected area of ​​the house.

Age  from 3

Location   Interior

Suitable seasons: Autumn-Winter

Approximate time to complete the project : 1 to 3 weeks (depending on the type of sowing done)


  • Various seeds of vegetables, herbs or flowers (let them choose)
  • Suitable substrate for sowing
  • Propagators or pots, preferably biodegradable
  • Sprinkler for watering
  • Identification plates
  • Greenhouse or protected area


  1. Fill the pots with substrate
  2. Place the seeds in the appropriate depth (sow)
  3. Cover in proportion to the size of each seed (depth must be 2X the size of the seed)
  4. Identify sowing
  5. Place in a sheltered or protected place
  6. When they germinate, place in a bright place and do not forget to water


You can reuse toilet paper rolls or egg cartons to make the effect of biodegradable pots. Do not forget that heat and humidity are necessary for the seeds to germinate.

 2. Prepare and plant  your garden

Gardening with children

gardening with children

Objective: To allow them to have a vision of where the food comes from and raise awareness of a greater taste for vegetables.

Involving them in planning your garden is essential. Let them choose what to plant or sow. Being able to have your bed, prepare the soil and decide how you are going to organize your garden is also very important. We don’t need to worry too much about the organization of the garden, above all, the most important thing is the fun they can have in this process.

To motivate them in this project we must choose vegetables that are easier to plant and/or sow and that can germinate quickly so that they can be harvested in a short time. Check out these articles if you already grow or plan to grow with kids: How to motivate them  and my top 5 plants to plant with kids

Age  from 3

Activity location   outdoor

Suitable seasons: In the four seasons

Approximate time to complete the project  4-12 weeks (depending on the varieties chosen).


  • Vegetable, herb and flower seeds
  • young vegetable plants for transplanting
  • Large beds or pots
  • Suitable substrate
  • Organic fertilizer (can be liquid or solid)

Instructions :

  • Let them design their garden
  • Prepare the pot or bed, placing the appropriate substrate
  • Allow them to sow and plant, and record the date when they sow and plant.
  • Let them be the reaper


Because the fun of any activity is seeing the results and learning what works and what doesn’t, I propose that they keep a written record of the care they took in the garden and the crops they did.

planting bulbs with children

Objective : To show creative ways to reuse packaging and explore the plastic arts. Bulbs are a good option as they are very easy to plant and care for, even indoors.

Age  from 2 years

Location   Interior

Suitable seasons: Autumn – Winter

Approximate time to complete : 3 to 6 weeks (until the first flowering)

Materials :

  • Cans or other packaging made of hard and resistant material
  • Substrate suitable for planting in pot
  • Bulb varieties (choose your favorites with the kids)


  1. Buy varieties of bulbs to plant with them
  2. Take advantage of some packaging to decorate and plant. I took advantage of my baby’s milk cans and they were beautiful
  3. Fill the pots with substrate
  4. Plant the purchased bulbs, considering the size of the bulb and the plant in its growth and flowering phase


At this time, you can choose a wide variety of bulbs that in a very short time will bring a lot of color to your balconies. Tulips, daffodils, freesias, hyacinths …

They must not forget to check that the packages have adequate drainage to avoid soaking the soil and thus limit the risk of the bulbs rotting.

The big secret for having fun in the garden with the little ones is choosing the plants that they like best and that grow faster. Then just tell them that the plants also like to be cared for, just like us, they are thirsty, hungry, they need protection and attention.

Gardening with children – 8 Benefits

Gardening with children

It is no longer news that I am a fan of family farming. And having a large family, I almost always count on the help of my little ones in the vegetable garden and garden. My first-rate helpers are the 11-year-old princess and my 9-year-old rascal.

Children love to use their hands to create things. Gardening offers wonderful options for activities to be able to play, learn and grow.

In my experience, I decided to list the list of the 8 benefits that seem most relevant to me.

The 8 Benefits of Gardening with Kids

1. Gardening involves all the senses

It allows them to touch and feel the textures of seeds, earth, leaves, flowers or even fruits. Observing the colors, smelling the smells, watching the plants grow is a continuous awakening for all the senses.

2. Promotes healthier eating

Sometimes it is not easy to convince them to eat some vegetables. When they can grow their own beans, carrots, and lettuces, they will also find it easier to eat what they planted. Look here, to let them have their garden.

3.  Improves motor development

Putting soil and seeds in the pots, planting and watering, also promotes and facilitates a better development of your motor skills that will also help in school in the future, such as writing, cutting, painting, etc.

4.  Arouse interest in science

Gardening is an interesting activity that can spark the interest of the little ones in the world of science, especially botany, biology and chemistry. In fact, it arouses curiosity for simple things like the simple process of seed germination. They will also better understand the impact of sunlight and water on plant growth.

5. Teaches you to take responsibility

Gardening is a great way to teach children the meaning of “responsibility”. They learn that to be successful in their harvests, they need to take care of their seeds or plants every day. To help with this task, you can make them a checklist on the care of your plants. 

6. Develops Mathematical Skills

We can work on mathematics in many moments of gardening: measure the depth of the sowing, count the seeds, measure the growth of the plant and even create a graph. We can also measure and compare the sizes of the vegetables or identify the different shapes that we can find in a garden.

7. Teaches patience

Whenever I go to garden with my children, I train patience and they too! All children like to have immediate results, I speak for mine, they want everything for yesterday, or for now. However, gardening is a slow process (most of the time). The little ones will have to learn to be patient when they wait for their flowers or for their vegetables to grow. It is important that they realize that the wait will be worthwhile and that they can enjoy every moment of it.

8. Improves the ability to plan and organize

Planning and organizing a garden can take some time. We must know which flowers bloom at each time of the year, how long it takes a seed to germinate and when is the best time to plant each variety. Involving children in this process helps to increase their planning and problem solving skills that can be passed on to all facets of life!

There are many more, but these benefits seem to be the most important and that’s why I decided to share. I hope that for you it also makes sense and garden more with your little gardeners.