Achieving comfort, well-being and beauty are among the main goals of every successful architect. In addition to thinking about the arrangement of furniture and rooms, it is worth considering new ways of bringing environments to life. One of the possibilities is to use the vertical garden.
This way of including plants allows to give a touch of nature to different places. At the same time, the project is not the same as that of a traditional garden, which works on low pots or outside. When exploring the particularities of this proposal, it is possible to create something different and that meets the needs of customers.
To have no doubts, we gathered the main information and tips to get the project right. See what you need to know and create a unique composition!
What is a vertical garden?
Also known as a hanging garden, the vertical garden is a landscape proposal that uses the verticalization trend. Instead of growing plants in the lower part, as traditionally happens, he envisages the use of elevated structures.
It is a great component to take advantage of the space, since it uses an area that is often “ignored”. For today’s homes, which are increasingly compact, it is an excellent alternative.
It is also a proposal that increases the thermal and acoustic comfort of the environment. As it absorbs part of the sound and temperature, it creates a less noisy and slightly cooler place.
To improve, it appears in several styles and with different plants. So, it is essential to know how to do projects of this type to please customers in a different way.
What species to plant in a vertical garden?
Choosing the right plants, among foliage and flowers, is essential to achieve a beautiful result. There are thousands of species available, and each adapts to a condition. It is even necessary to think about whether the garden will be internal or external. Indoors, for example, sunlight can be direct or indirect, and there is less wind. So, everything has to be considered to select the ideal type.
The good news is that, when specifying, you can use some examples that are already famous. To have no doubts, see which are the best species for each case!
Present in most projects, the fern is a versatile species and offers a very interesting result. The foliage complements the composition and helps to cover all spaces, in order to create a green wall.
As it prefers indirect lighting and not so intense, it is ideal for the indoor location. She also doesn’t like being in the sun so much, so it’s perfect for “protected” areas.
Another very famous option is the boa constrictor. This is a foliage style plant. One of its characteristics is that it is pending – that is, it forms a “cascade” as it develops. It is great for occupying the highest positions in the vertical garden and adding volume to the composition.
She likes humid environments, so the chosen area must have this characteristic. If it is full sun (that is, with direct and prolonged incidence), it is better, but it also adapts to half shade.
To give a delicate and interesting touch to the composition, bet on the bridal veil species. It has small white dots and looks great on hanging or vertical vases.
Among his needs, he prefers indirect sunlight and cool temperatures. So it works very well indoors on a green wall.
One of nature’s most noble flowers can also integrate your vertical garden design. The orchid appears in several types, colors and formats, which helps to compose the look in a unique way. You can even create a nursery if you want something different.
As the species are diversified, the sun regime also varies, which guarantees the ideal choice for each case. In general, it is interesting that there is some sunlight and light winds for it to flourish.
Of the succulent type, the ass-tailed species is the guarantee of a unique aspect for the project. She is outstanding and famous for presenting a “braid” style look. As it reaches great lengths, it is perfect for larger vertical gardens.
It does well with full sun, but adapts to half-shade – just so you can catch the morning and late afternoon sun. As it is resistant to cold, it works in indoor air-conditioned spaces.
Another famous option in vertical gardens, the lipstick flower has green leaves and a small red flower at the end. In addition to color, its shape also resembles makeup – hence the name. It is an excellent choice to add a touch of color and make the proposal even more interesting.
As it does not require direct or very intense lighting, it is great for indoor spaces. She doesn’t like to be moved, so she needs a special corner from the first moment.
How about meeting 3 vertical garden models?
One of the positive aspects of designing a vertical garden project is that it is quite versatile. As mentioned, it can be performed both in the external environment and in the internal area. As long as the specific conditions of the plants are respected, you can add a touch of green in various points of the property.
In addition, versatility appears in the different models. They meet the needs in different ways and knowing them is essential to select the ideal in each case. Next, see which are the main 3 and understand their qualities!
1. Green wall
One of the current trends is the creation of an entirely green wall, as in the style of a small forest amid concrete. The idea is to develop a completely natural space, without the structure appearing. It is also a choice with a lot of volume and that adds a touch of personality to the environment.
This is such a popular option that it is not only used in residential projects. It still appears in commercial and public spaces, such as shops, hotels and even restaurants.
The highlight is for species such as fern, boa and other foliage. Although it is possible to include some flowers, it is not such a frequent alternative.
2. Hanging vases
Another possibility is to leave the vases on display. In some cases, they become part of the composition and gain extra projection, such as decorated or sculpted versions. In this style, the intention is to create a more “airy” garden, without the need to compose a complete wall.
Vases can be suspended in various ways, such as in structures or even on shelves and shelves. Because of its operation, it offers more versatility to the customer and ease of exchange. Maintenance is also uncomplicated, but the look is less homogeneous.
In this alternative, it is common to see different species, many flowers and different proposals. Thus, the idea is to create something unique and that adapts to each space.
3. Gourmet vegetable garden
In addition, there is a chance to set up a vegetable garden at home. This vertical garden design works well for small environments or customers with little maintenance time.
Usually, it is a choice that is in the kitchen of the home, but it can also be in a gourmet space. If there is a barbecue area, for example, this can be a good place.
Due to its proposal, the vessels are suspended in a common way. After all, every spice and herb has a need.
What precautions to take when building the vertical garden?
The planning of such a space is not the same as that of a traditional landscaping. Other requirements must be considered because of the high condition of the garden. In addition, care must be taken when the element is positioned inside the house or apartment.
Taking the necessary precautions is a way to avoid problems during or after the execution and to favor maintenance. Thus, it is something that guarantees the success of the project and allows the customer to be completely satisfied. To have no doubts, see what are the points that should be considered!
Take care of the wall protection
One of the biggest problems when talking about vertical gardens is the risk that there is infiltration. The difficulty arises, mainly, in the creation of a green wall. This urban jungle proposal increases the risks of plants and the structure of changing moisture. As a result, the wall can suffer from the appearance of mold and other problems caused by infiltration.
To avoid the picture, the ideal is to waterproof the surface. With the application of suitable products, a barrier against moisture is formed. Thus, the integrity of the wall is not compromised and the visual can be achieved without difficulties.
Even if the structure does not provide direct contact between plants and the surface, care is essential to avoid major problems in the future.
Assess the water supply
To survive, any plant needs to be watered with some frequency. Some, like succulents, depend less on water, but still require special care. Without the ideal amount for each species, plants do not develop and may even die.
This leads to a need to think about water supply. It is recommended that the project has a hydraulic point nearby. From there, you can build a customized irrigation system. In fact, it is a way to reduce the maintenance required for residents.
In addition to this alternative, you can consider a hydroponics system. In it, land is replaced by water as a means of cultivation. To adopt it, it is essential to check how the species adapt and what the requirements are.
Pay attention to drainage
While it is important to guarantee water for development, it is necessary to think about drainage. The process is relevant so that the plants are not soaked and also to avoid damage in space.
Without an efficient system, water accumulates on the ground or, worse, on the floor of the environment. In this case, there is an extra concern with maintenance, in addition to negative impacts on the coating.
The ideal is to develop a drainage system, with tubes and channels, for draining water. Depending on the case, you can even create an auxiliary bed just below the vertical garden. Thus, what falls from watering is used to care for the plants below.
Keep an eye on the fixation
It does not matter what technology is used or whether the garden is a vegetable garden, a wall or a suspended version. Another concern should involve fixing the plants on the wall.
It is recommended to make an adequate calculation to understand the weight of plants and soil, without forgetting the addition of water. Also consider the weight distribution between the vessels and whether there will be a support structure, such as a panel.
All of this serves to define the fixation model, in order to avoid accidents. After all, it is essential to stipulate what are the limits that must be obeyed by customers in everyday use.
Know the lighting level
Regardless of the species selected or the desired style, the vertical garden requires an adequate amount of light. This is one of the components for plant development, so it has to be present – even in the indoor area.
Generally, it is worth preventing direct or continuous exposure to the sun, as this can burn or dry out some foliage. On the other hand, the entry of natural light must be ideal and constant. So, you need to choose the placement location well.
In addition, garden lighting can be important to enhance plants at night. However, it is not a substitute for natural light – stay tuned!
Take care of sustainability
One of the reasons for making a vertical garden is to add a sustainable proposal to the project. However, sustainability is not achieved just by having green elements within the environment.
It is only possible to achieve this quality by selecting the appropriate species, using water without waste and making better use of available resources. Therefore, the proposal must consider all aspects.
Assess what is the combination of species, what technology really has sustainable characteristics and how the garden can generate positive impacts. In this way, it is possible to optimize the green impact of this proposal.
What are the best tips for making a vertical garden step by step?
Now that you know what precautions are essential in preparing this project, it is time to know how to put it into practice, right from the start. With the right knowledge of landscaping, the process is not so complex. However, very large areas require specific care and, sometimes, partnerships with specialists on the subject.
In most cases, however, the following step by step will help you create the perfect vertical garden. To have no doubts, see what to do to get the best results!
Set the installation location
First, you need to choose where the vertical garden will be. See what the customer’s preferences are and also consider the feasibility for each model. The conditions of available space, the circulation area and even the use of the environment help to define which is the best alternative.
It is very important to guarantee the choice of a strategic point that helps to enhance the garden. From that decision, it is time to take the necessary care, such as waterproofing the wall.
Select the appropriate species
After deciding the location and model of the vertical garden, it is necessary to define which species to use. It is necessary to consider all environmental issues, such as lighting, temperature, sunlight and other points.
In the case of indoor gardens, indoor plants should be used. For outdoor areas, the position in the sun or in the shade defines the ideal regime for the species that have to be chosen.
Also, consider the preferences of whoever hired the project. If the person wants to have something totally green, it is necessary to give preference to foliage instead of flowers. The opposite is also true, so stay tuned.
Opt for the ideal installation system
After defining the place of interest and the species, it’s time to start doing the calculations. It is necessary to think about the number of vessels, the total weight and the best way to obtain the desired structure.
For everything to go as expected, it is essential to use the appropriate system. Consider the characteristics of each technology and how they meet the specific needs of the project. Select the materials and ensure that, from there, the structure will remain firm and secure.
Install all components
With these initial decisions, it is now possible to move on to execution. After waterproofing the chosen wall, position the appropriate structure. Each technology has a need, and the fixing system has to be done completely.
In the process, take the opportunity to install irrigation and drainage, as they are part of the “skeleton” of the garden. With everything ready, it’s time to transfer the species to specific vessels or structures. In the case of a green wall, care must be taken with the layout so that the entire area is covered.
Take care of the characteristics of the environment
With the installation complete, it’s time to put the finishing touches on to ensure good results. Taking care of the environment includes, for example, directing the entry of natural light through the appropriate use of curtains and windows. It is also necessary to define the air conditioning conditions, such as the room temperature. There are plants that cannot resist the cold, and this must be considered.
In addition, it is worth thinking about aesthetics. So that the vertical garden can be enjoyed at any time of the day, it is interesting to develop a good lighting project. Keep an eye on the intensity of the lamps and be sure to purchase suitable materials, such as brackets and switches .
If so, you must also compose the rest of the site. A gourmet area, for example, asks for special benches and chairs to enjoy the green. Indoors, the use of sideboards and assistive elements may be ideal. So, consider these aspects to get a great finish.
What solutions are available on the market?
The best way to accomplish all these steps is with the adoption of solutions that meet the needs of this project. Fortunately, there are many possibilities available, as the vertical garden has become increasingly popular in different environments.
To design something that suits the customer and takes advantage of the space, the ideal is to select the best alternatives among those that can be used. To have no doubts when choosing, see how the main possibilities work.
One of the main current options is to use modular systems. As the name shows, they are composed of units known as modules. They can be joined, according to the needs of each project.
This is the case with plates with good structure and space for some vessels. To occupy the entire area, you can use several of them. Once installed, simply position the plants and achieve differentiated results. It is the best option for creating so-called green walls.
Among the materials, there are wood, ceramic, concrete or plastic panels, in addition to those that offer mixed possibilities.
Normally made of cement, the blocks are positioned on walls with proper waterproofing. They are a fixed alternative and work very well when the idea is to explore the landscape in the external environment.
Depending on the case, it is possible to invest in options with different formats. There are blocks with small embossed ceramic vases that are in evidence, while others have small shelves. Either way, most are assembled in a stacked manner, which helps to create compositions for each environment.
Another convenient possibility is to use a metal lattice. It also has a modular function, but is less versatile than other systems of the type. Still, it manages well to meet what is required.
In this type, the structure is metallic and has a good support structure. In the spaces, the plants are positioned until they fill the entire area. It can be used to create a wall-style “camouflaged” garden, but this is not so common. Instead, it is more frequent to use this alternative to exhibit with the foliage. In this case, it is necessary to think about the decoration of the containers to create a good composition.
If the client seeks maximum practicality, he can also invest in the vertical garden in blankets. It works similarly to grass, except that it is positioned on the wall. Made with natural foliage, it does not use soil, but still requires water. So, it is produced in hydroponic modality.
This alternative is very technological and serves to reduce the need for cleaning and maintenance. On the other hand, there are fewer species available in the composition, which must be considered.
Niches and Shelves
Another way of setting up a vertical garden is with the use of components installed on the wall in a “traditional” way. Niches and / or shelves can be lined up to create a composition filled with vases, foliage and flowers.
This choice is very practical, but it usually does not offer the result of a green wall. So, it is worth considering whether it is better to select this alternative or opt for a modular one, for example.
The vertical garden is a great bet to bring modernity or even to take advantage of reduced spaces – while still including nature. With these tips, you can set up differentiated projects that please customers.