From classics to the most modern: discover the main garden styles!
Bringing nature into the residence and providing well-being to residents: this is one of the roles of home gardens . These spaces, internal or external, have existed since antiquity and differ in terms of colors, textures, shapes and measures. Discover the main styles of gardens and check out a selection of inspiring projects.
In Europe, it is very common to find classic gardens, which value carefully pruned trees, water fountains, statues and flower beds that flower in the spring. However, there are also other types of landscaping that are gaining strength in outdoor areas with modern configurations.
Main styles of gardens to know and fall in love with
Before setting up a garden project, you need to know the main styles to find good references. Look:
1 – English garden
The English garden can be defined as an “organized mess”. It values an organic composition and brings together several elements to compose the natural scenarios. Many plant species are cultivated in space, but without using topiary techniques (art of ornamental pruning). Asymmetry is a striking feature of the style, as well as the presence of water mirrors.
2 – French garden
Have you ever visited the Palace of Versailles? Well, know that the landscaping, created by King Louis XIV, perfectly portrays the proposal of this style. French gardens have many paths and flower beds, not to mention architectural elements. The bushes, properly pruned, share space with benches, sculptures, colonnades, and lakes. Maintenance is strict and constant.
3 – Italian garden
It has a concept similar to the French garden, only less rigid and more poetic. In addition to having decorative statues, water fountains and various types of flowers, the environment also has many fruit trees and ceramic vases.
4 – Japanese garden
The Japanese garden values natural landscapes, without giving up artistic practice. The environment, marked by tranquility, mixes a series of elements that refer to Japanese culture. There are many stones, bamboo, bonsai, ponds, carp, fountains and pruned plants.
5 – Arid garden
In the arid garden, you will not find a green and well-trimmed lawn. In fact, the environment is rocky, with many succulent plants, cacti, and xerophytic plants. Instead of grass, the soil usually has a layer of sand and stones. The vegetation looks static, does not require constant watering or pruning.
6 – Indian garden
The Indian garden is perfect for meditating or spending moments of tranquility with the family. Despite having plants and lakes, he usually highlights architectural constructions that are also part of the space. Kate Koranti, Indian Caper, Gardenia and Lotus are some suggestions of plants to enrich the landscaping.
7 – Colonial garden
The colonial garden has to do with the period when Brazil was colonized by the Portuguese. The environment reflects a strong European influence, but takes into account the local vegetation. Stones, woods, benches and fountains help compose the landscaping. The garden can also bring out the charming atmosphere of the old coffee farms.
8 – Tropical garden
In addition to enhancing native plants, the tropical style has a much more informal proposal than French and Italian gardens. The vegetation bets on palm trees, ferns, ribs of adam, dracaena, bromeliads, and many other plants that adapt well to the hot climate. The vivid colors are present in the space, as well as the mixture of natural materials and textures, such as stones, bamboo, and wicker. Benches, vases, and pergolas are welcome, as long as they do not interfere with the relaxed essence.
9 – Contemporary garden
Contemporary gardens are spaces that adapt to modern life. They are easy to maintain, have very few ornamental details and value modern elements (which go beyond lakes and sculptures). It is possible to include furniture, swimming pools, jacuzzis, umbrellas, wooden decks, sports courts and many other elements capable of creating pleasant corners. Lighting also plays an important role, after all, it creates highlights.
10 – Sensory garden
Providing a new experience for children, the elderly and the disabled: this is the proposal of the sensorial garden. With its countless colors, textures and perfumes, the space seeks to stimulate the human senses (sight, hearing, smell, touch and taste) and provoke different sensations. It’s a show of accessibility!
Did you like to know the styles of gardens? What’s your favorite? Leave a comment.
Winter garden: your greenest home
To optimize the space inside homes and offices, the winter garden appears as a sustainable option combined with a functional decoration inside the environment
In Brazil, the winter garden culture still does not have as much adherence as in other countries around the world, because the climate of our country is, above all, favorable for external gardens. However, there is an increasing tendency to bring this green environment into the interior of houses and apartments.
One of the reasons for this trend is due to the size of the land, which is getting smaller and smaller, not allowing the creation of large gardens and making property owners choose to grow them inside their own home. Something that also contributes to increase the interior lighting and bring natural ventilation to the environments of the residence.
In addition, another reason to have a conservatory is the security and privacy it offers to the space, also prioritizing the landscape inside the residence. Thus, instead of building a house with the garden in the background, the architects and landscapers design the residences integrated into the garden, bringing this previously external area into the interior.
But before choosing which species of plants will be in your winter garden, you need to keep in mind what the characteristics of the place where the garden will be installed. Depending on the natural lighting of the environment and the specifics of the plant, the garden may be in the shade of the stairs, or next to the window, on a balcony or under the lighting of a skylight, transparent tiles and large windows.
Plant species for bright environments
In the case of gardens with greater exposure to the sun, succulents are the most recommended plants, thanks to their easy maintenance and care. They belong to the family of cacti, that is, they have characteristics similar to those of cacti, such as the ability to reserve liquid inside their leaves, which makes them thicker. However, unlike cacti, succulents do not have thorns.
It is important to keep succulents close to windows, where there is plenty of sunlight. Generally, in winter garden designs, this species is grown on vertical panels, or in pots.
In addition to the succulents, also check out other plants ideal for bright spaces:
- Jade ( Crassula ovata)
- Golden carpet (Sedum acre)
- Dedinho-de-moça (Sedum burrito)
- Baby Echevaria (Echeveria derenbergii)
- Aortia (Haworthia cuspidata)
The assessment of a landscaper or architect for each case is an important detail as there are several important requirements to be considered when choosing the species to be used for your project.
Plant species for shaded environments
If your winter garden receives poor lighting, plants such as Orchids, Violets, Aloe Vera ( Philodendron martianum) and Bromeliad (Guzmania ligulata) can adapt well to half-shade, in places where there is at least indirect luminosity, so they can perform photosynthesis.
Other species are also recommended for low light environments:
- Begonia (Begonia elatior)
- Philodendron-Brazil (Philodendron cascata)
- Boa (Remnum pinnatum)
- Palm-Lequ e (Licuala grandis)
- Areca Palm ( Dypsis lutescens)
- São Jorge Spear (Sansevieria cylindrica)
Add-ons for your winter garden
Now that we have shown some options of plants for your winter garden, you also need the other components that can increase this space: like stones (pebbles) or gravel, sand and other gravel. In addition, supports such as vases and other accessories can also be part of your landscape design.
For homes, condominiums, companies, and even apartments, there is no lack of reasons to invest in a winter garden and hire a landscaper for your project.